November 9

Article

December 3, 2021

November 9 is the 313rd day of the year according to the Gregorian calendar (314th in the leap year). There are 52 days left until the end of the year.

Events

Česko

1785 - Joseph II. abolished the Plasky Cistercian monastery. 2014 - FedCup in Prague, the 52nd year of the women's tennis team competition was won by the Czechs against the Germans, when Petra Kvitová defeated the German Angelique Kerber 3: 0

World

0694 - The Visigothic king of Egika accuses the Jews of supporting Muslims on Spanish territory at the 17th Council in Toledo and condemns them to slavery. 1277 - King Edward I of England concludes an agreement from Aberconwy with Llywelyn and Gruffydd to temporarily end the Welsh Wars. 1282 - Pope Martin IV. excommunicated King Aragonese King III. 1799 - Napoleon Bonaparte overthrows the directorate and forms a provisional government. 1872 - A fire in Boston destroys more than 1,000 buildings and kills 14 people. The fire started in a warehouse in an industrial district of mostly wooden buildings, spread uncontrollably and the city center was completely destroyed 1887 - The United States gains the right to use Pearl Harbor in Hawaii, where it plans to build a Pacific naval base 1901 - Sergei Rachmaninov plays the premiere of his as yet unfinished 2nd Piano Piano Concerto in Moscow. Conductor Alexander Siloti performed only the first two movements of the concert. 1918 - German Chancellor Maximilian of Baden announces the abdication of William II. 1923 - The beer coup is suppressed. 1938 - The Nazis set fire to synagogues in Germany during Crystal Night, an anti-Jewish pogrom. There has also been violence and the breakdown of Jewish shops, not only in Germany but also in Austria and the Sudetenland. 1953 - Cambodia gains independence from France. 1967 - Apollo program: launch of the Apollo 4 spacecraft. 1989 - The fall of the Berlin Wall: West and East Berlin merged and the rest of the border between the GDR and the GDR is also opened. 2000 - Revision of the Constitution of the Republic of Croatia, which marked the transition from a semi-presidential to a parliamentary system. 2004 - The open source Mozilla Firefox web browser is released in version 1.0.

Birth

Česko

1751 - Martin Broulík, cantor and composer († June 4, 1817) 1769 - Karel Postl, painter and graphic artist († March 15, 1818) 1800 - Emanuel Arnold, journalist († January 4, 1869) 1801 - Theodor von Pachmann, Czech-Austrian professor of law († 11 February 1881) 1849 - Antonín Kosina, teacher, poet and writer († June 4, 1925) 1854 - Josef Miroslav Weber, violinist and composer living abroad († January 1, 1906) 1863 - Dominik Löw, Sudeten German politician († 14 February 1931) 1865 Franz Tobisch, priest, writer, poet and editor († April 15, 1934) Alois Ladislav Vymetal, composer († October 15, 1918) 1871 - Josef Zasche, architect († 11 October 1957) 1880 - Rudolf Karel, composer and conductor († March 6, 1945) 1883 - Julian Stříbrný, Czechoslovak legionary († July 16, 1943) 1889 - Theodor Ježdík, professor of hydrology, rector of CTU († February 27, 1967) 1890 - Rudolf Hromada, author of Esperanto dictionaries and translator († October 26, 1964) 1902 Jarmila Lisková, architect (†?) Alois Zlatník, botanist († June 30, 1979) 1907 - František Maxián, pianist and pedagogue († January 18, 1971) 1913 - Jiří Zástěra, football player († 15 August 1983) 1922 - Slávka Peroutková, journalist, third wife of Ferdinand Peroutka († 13 August 2017) 1923 Jaroslav Moučka, actor († December 26, 2009) Miloslav Machek, trumpet player, conductor and composer of popular music († December 12, 1999) 1928 - Ilona Borská, writer and journalist († December 27, 2007) 1930 Ivan Moravec, pianist († July 27, 2015) Stanislav Sventek, hockey player († October 27, 2000) 1936 - Leo Vaniš, visual artist († 2005) 1950 - Petr Heinzel, ast

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