YEAR 2011

Article

October 25, 2021

YES 2011 (abbreviation YES) is a Czech populist political movement (often referred to only as the YES movement), which was founded in 2012 by Andrej Babiš. The ANO 2011 movement is a follow-up to the civic association Action of Dissatisfied Citizens, which was founded shortly before in autumn 2011 after several public appearances by Andrej Babiš in the media, in which he very critically assessed the state of society and strongly criticized corruption. The movement focused on voters dissatisfied with existing political entities. The main declared goals of YES 2011 include the promotion of a functioning state and the fight against corruption. Founder Andrej Babiš has been the chairman of the movement since the beginning. Since March 2013, its first vice-president has been Věra Jourová, but in October 2014, as a result of her approval, she left the movement as a European Commissioner. Other faces of the party are, among others, the chairman of the Chamber of Deputies Radek Vondráček, the chairwoman of the parliamentary club of the movement Alena Schillerová, Jaroslav Faltýnek or Karel Havlíček. The declared goal of the movement is to participate in elections at all levels and to promote a more supportive environment for entrepreneurs and sole traders, to eliminate corruption and politicking, and to support employment growth. President Babiš, who has been the dominant figure in the movement since the beginning, described them as a "right-wing party with social feelings." On 14 November 2014, the YES movement was officially accepted as a member at the 35th Congress of the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (ALDE), which operates as a political entity within the European Union. At the YES 2011 congress in February 2019, Andrej Babiš defined the movement as a "catch-all-party" - a party for all. In terms of party typology, YES 2011 is classified as a company-type party. Shortly after its inception, the movement succeeded significantly in the elections to the Chamber of Deputies in 2013, in which it won 18.65% of the vote and 47 seats, ranking second behind the CSSD. These two parties formed a governing coalition together with the KDU-ČSL. A year earlier, in 2012, several YES 2011 candidates failed in the Senate elections. The YES 2011 movement won the elections to the Chamber of Deputies of the Parliament of the Czech Republic 2017 with 29.64% of the vote and 78 seats out of 200. The Czech government is currently ruled by Andrej Babiš, the second government Social Democratic (CSSD). From July 2018 to April 2021, the government was supported by the Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia (KSČM).

History

Origin

The ANO 2011 political movement follows on from the Association of Dissatisfied Citizens 2011 (currently abbreviated as YES), founded in 2011 by businessman Andrej Babiš to support his criticism of the economy, society and corruption, with which he began appearing in the media in autumn 2011. several thousand citizens. As of 14 November 2011, ie 19 days after the establishment of the association, 10,142 citizens had signed the call. On 15 December 2011, support was further increased to 17,161. During 2012, the association was transformed into the political movement ANO 2011 registered on 11 May 2012 in Prague.

Elections to the Chamber of Deputies of the Parliament of the Czech Republic 2013

In March 2013, the movement deleted the year of its founding from the acronym and is presented only as YES. With a separate list of candidates, the movement ran for the first time in the early elections to the Chamber of Deputies held in autumn 2013. It received 927,240 votes (18.65%) and became the second strongest electoral party with 47 seats. The ANO movement was the most successful electoral party in the Central Bohemian, Liberec, Hradec Králové and Ústí regions. Within the movement, the most successful candidate was the leader of the Prague list of candidates Andrej Babiš with 18,955 preferential votes (19.62%), for

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