October 25, 2021
Abdulrazak Gurnah (* December 20, 1948, Zanzibar) is a Tanzanian writer who received the Nobel Prize for Literature in 2021. He was born on the island of Zanzibar, which was then under British administration. In 1968, he left as a refugee in the United Kingdom, where he then studied at university. He was Professor of English at the University of Kent and lives in Brighton. In his works, he focuses mainly on the postcolonial period of Africa, the Caribbean and India. In 2021, the Swedish Academy awarded him the Nobel Prize for Literature for elaborating the topic of colonialism and its effects. In his books, he describes feelings of uprooting, the clash of cultures and the colonial past. His mother tongue is Swahili, but he writes his works in English. Of the ten books, none were translated into Czech by 2021. His most acclaimed works include the historical novel Paradise (Paradise) from 1994, for which he was nominated for the Man Booker Prize. The novel tells the story of a boy Yusuf, who was born in a fictional Tanzanian city at the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries.