Al-Qaeda (Arabic: al-Qaida; you can also encounter another transcription into Czech, for example: al-Qaida, al-Qaida, al-Qaida, Al-Qaeda), usually translated into Czech as base, is a militant Islamist terrorist organization that is behind a number of major assassinations and kidnappings around the world, including the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks in the USA.
This organization has been headed by the Saudi Arabian multimillionaire, terrorist Osama bin Laden, who has largely participated in its financing since its inception. He was shot and killed in a targeted military attack by US Navy Special Forces on 05/02/2011 at his headquarters in Pakistan. The organization supports the Sunni branch of Islam.
According to its own statements, al-Qaeda considers the establishment of purely Muslim states (e.g. caliphates) on the entire Arabian Peninsula and the spread of the Islamic faith to other countries as its priority goal. At the same time, he refers to the USA as his main enemy, which he blames for the plundering of Arab oil wealth and for trying to achieve decisive influence in this area. However, they also target a number of European countries, especially Great Britain, for their significant support of American military operations, which allegedly will not hesitate to attack European targets with terrorism.
As part of their efforts to enforce Islamic Sharia law, they ideologically justify killing infidels and Muslims lukewarm in their faith.
Formation of the organization
Al-Qaeda was supposed to have been founded at the end of the 1980s, the year 1988 is often cited. However, its origins go back to the time of the occupation of Afghanistan by Soviet troops in 1979. A number of its members were recruited from the Arab Mujahideen, who at that time at that time they fought against the occupying Soviet troops. Osama bin Laden joined al-Qaeda in support, sending aid from neighboring Pakistan. The Americans provided weapons and financial support to the Mujahideen during the fight against the Soviet occupation of Afghanistan.
After the departure of the Soviet troops, large groups of fighters who were very well armed and well trained in combat remained in the country. Osama bin Laden made contact with a number of these mujahideen and offered them a place in the newly emerging purely Islamic organization al-Qaeda.
Al-Qaeda's organizational chart is very elaborate. The entire structure consists of three-member groups (cells), whose members know each other. The commanders above them are again in contact with only three cells and so practically up to the top command.
The advantage of this structure is mainly its secrecy and only very difficult infiltration from the outside. If one three-member group is betrayed and its members are arrested, they can practically not betray any other member except their immediate commander. And if he manages to escape, the trail definitely ends here. The effectiveness of the system is also proven by current practice, when, despite intensive searches by the US military and secret services, arrests of high-ranking al-Qaeda men occur only very sporadically.
It is common for members of these cells to work for a long time as so-called "sleeper agents", which means that they do not carry out any terrorist activity of their own and live completely hidden in society. Only when necessary, e.g. after several years, the terrorist is activated and performs the pre-agreed work. To communicate with each other, members of al-Qaeda also use very modern methods, including the Internet and encrypted messages, which are very difficult to decipher.
Al Qaeda Affiliates and Related Organizations
Al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb – a subsidiary organization active from 1998 to the present,
Al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula - a subsidiary organization active in the territory