Alan Alexander Milne
Alan Alexander Milne (often also written as A. A. Milne) (January 18, 1882 London - January 31, 1956 Hartfield, Sussex) was an English writer and playwright, best known for his children's stories. He gained world fame mainly with a series of books about Winnie the Pooh (Winnie-the-Pooh in English). However, his work is much more extensive and is also intended for adults.
Alan Alexander Milne was born in Kilburn, London. His parents were John Vine Milne and Sarah Marie Milne (born Heginbotham). He attended Henley House School, a small private school run by his father. One of his teachers was H. G. Wells, who taught here from 1889 to 1890. He also attended Westminster School and Trinity College, Cambridge, where he studied mathematics. During his studies, he wrote, together with his brother Kenneth, his first articles in the student magazine Grant. Their articles were signed in three letters - AKM. A. A. Milne's articles caught the attention of the British humorous magazine Punch, to which Milne also began to contribute. After a while, he became an assistant editor here.
During World War I, Milne enlisted in the British Army and served as an officer. He was released on February 14, 1919. After the war, he wrote a work condemning the Peace with Honor War (1934).
During World War II, Milne was one of the most prominent critics of the English writer P. G. Wodehouse.
In 1913 he married Dorothy "Daphne" de Sélincourt. In 1920, their only son was born - Christopher Robin Milne (1920–1996). In 1952, A. A. Milne had a stroke and after brain surgery he became disabled. He died in January 1956 at the age of 74.
After graduating from Cambridge in 1903, Milne contributed to Punch magazine with his humorous rhymes and whimsical essays. He also wrote eighteen plays and three novels, including the mysterious The Red House Mystery (1922). When his son was born in 1920, Milne wrote a collection of children's poems and rhymes When We Were Very Young, illustrated by Ernest Howard Shepard (1879–1976), a cartoonist working for Punch magazine.
Another work, Gallery of Children, a collection of short stories for children, which then became part of the books about Winnie the Pooh, was published in 1925.
Milne was also a screenwriter in the emerging British film industry. He wrote four short stories (specifically The Bump starring Leslie Howard, Twice Two, Five Pound Reward and Bookworms), which were shot in 1920 by Minerva Films.
A. A. Milne is most famous for his two books about Winnie the Pooh, in which Kryštůfek Robin, named after his son, performed. The other characters also had their real base in plush toys. However, his son's teddy bear's name was Edward; Milne renamed him Winnie-The-Pooh after the Canadian Winnipeg, a bear mascot in World War I, later transported to the London Zoo. The books were originally illustrated by E. H. Shepard, who used his son's teddy bear as a model. Other well-known characters are, for example, the jumping Tiger and the sad Ijáček. Christopher Robin's toys are now on display in New York City.
The forest in which the story takes place is also built on a real basis - Milne and her son lived close to the forest and went for regular walks together. E. H. Shepard painted this forest directly, and little Milne claimed that the forest in which Winnie the Pooh lived and the forest he and Dad went for walks with looked exactly identical.
Winnie the Pooh was published in 1926 and in 1928 it was followed by the second volume of Pooh's Still Life (in English The House at Pooh Corner).
In 1927, another book of poems for children was published, Now We Are Six. Milne also wrote four other plays during this period. The World of Pooh won the Lewis Car Award