America

Article

January 24, 2022

America is a continuous mainland on Earth that consists of three visible parts - North America, Central America and South America. North and South America are considered two separate continents, [source?] While Central America is considered part of the continent of North America. From a geomorphological point of view, America as a whole is a continuous continental mass, located on three lithospheric plates - North American, Caribbean (Central American) and South American. The entire territory of America lies in the Western Hemisphere and at the same time in the Southern and Northern Hemispheres. The traditional date for the discovery of American America is 1492, when a fleet led by Christopher Columbus joined the shores of this continent under Spanish flags. From Europe, however, they were most likely the first Vikings to enter American soil, [source?] Several hundred years earlier. The Italians probably knew American soil as early as the 14th century. Panama neck. The west coast of America is washed by the Pacific Ocean, the eastern Atlantic Ocean, and in the north the continent also extends into the Arctic Ocean. America covers 8.3% of the Earth's surface (28.4% of the mainland, 42.5 million km²) and is home to about 13% of the human population (1002 million).

Name of America

After the discovery of America by Columbus, the newly found continent became known as the New World. Today's name is derived from the name of the Italian merchant and sailor Amerigo Vespucci, [source?] Who between 1499 and 1502 undertook two voyages along the east coast of South America. In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller published a map of the world, in which he named the newly discovered continent (South America) after America's first name - America (he refers to North America as Waldiasemüller's map as Parias). The act provoked public protests that Vespucci was trying to usurp Columbus's primacy. However, as later emerged from contemporary correspondence, Vespucci did not promote the designation America. The same designation for North America first appears on the map (Gerhard Mercator) in 1538.

History of America

Geography

Range

America's northernmost point is Kaffeklubben Island, which is also the northernmost point on land. The southernmost points are the Southern Thule Islands, although they are sometimes considered part of Antarctica. The easternmost point is Nordostrundingen and the westernmost point is the island of Attu.

Position

America lies in the western hemisphere, is stretched in a meridian direction from north to south across both hemispheres, and in the south it narrows from north to south. Its maximum length is 14,500 km, width 5,950 km. In the north, America is surrounded by the Arctic Ocean, in the east by the Atlantic Ocean, and in the west by the Pacific Ocean. It is approaching other continents: the closest to Asia (75 km) in the Bering Strait, it is closest to Europe via Greenland towards Iceland, and it is approaching Antarctica through a series of archipelagos between the Land of Fire and the Antarctic Peninsula.

Topography

The highest mountain in South America and the entire continent is Aconcagua (6959 m above sea level). In North America, the highest mountain is Denali, formerly Mount McKinley (6168 m above sea level). The Cordillera occupies the western part of the Americas, the Andes stretch in the western part of South America, and the Rocky Mountains stretch in the western part of North America. The 2,300 km long Appalachian Mountains stretch on the east coast of North America from Alabama to Newfoundland. North of the Appalachian Mountains, on the east coast of Canada, lies the Arctic Cordillera. In the Cascade Mountains, which is also located in the Cordilleras, is the famous stratovolcano Mount St. Helens (2549 m)

Hydrology

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Hydrology

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