July 1, 2022

Bengal is the name of a historical region and ethno-linguistic region that spans the territory of Bangladesh and the Indian state of West Bengal.

Geographical characteristic

To the north it is bordered by the Himalayas and the countries of Nepal, Bhutan and the Indian state of Sikkim. The northeastern boundary is formed by the Brahmaputra river and its highlands. In the north-west it stretches across the northern plains of Bharigati up to Dvarbaga. The eastern border consists of the Kasia, Jhantia, Tripura and Catagrama ranges. In the west, the area is bordered by the mountain forests of Ajamahalu, Saotla Pargana, Chotanagpur, Manabhuma, Dhalabhuma, Keojar and Majurabhaja. This territory today includes the region of the present territories of India's West Bengal and the independent state of Bangladesh. The people of these territories are united by a common language, Bengali, a common social structure, a common religious mix of Hinduism and Islam, and mostly a common history.

Different nationalities

The Pundras The Gauds Radha The Sumhs The Vajras Tamraliptics Samatatans Vaggas These peoples were collectively referred to as the Gaudas in the middle of the 6th century.


In total, this is about 207,000,000 people. In addition to the main regions (Bangladesh, India), Bengali-speaking people also live in countries such as Malawi, the United Arab Emirates, Great Britain, the USA, Saudi Arabia, Singapore and Nepal. They are united by a common language Bengali, a common social structure and a common religious composition. In addition to the name Bengalis, we can also meet the alternatives Banga-Bhasa, Bangala and Bangla.


Very little is known about the prehistory of Bengal. Archaeological finds in the area support the claim that an agricultural society existed in the area from 1250 BC. However, the identity of these people can only be guessed from anthropological and linguistic research. The historical division of Bengal is usually done into three periods. Ancient, medieval and modern (modern) periods. The medieval period is usually associated in Bengal with the period of Muslim dominance. The modern period begins with the arrival of the Europeans, especially with the decline of the Mughal Empire and the rise of the British. During the Bengal famine of 1769–1772, up to a third of the population of Bengal died of malnutrition. The 1943 famine, in which up to three million people died in Bengal, was caused by the Japanese occupation of Burma and the war policy of British Prime Minister Churchill.

Brief History

Glory PeriodPre-1500 BC - 600 BC - Settlement of Bengal 600 BC - 320 AD - Coastal expansion into southern India, Sri Lanka and Southeast Asia and the beginning of Buddhism replaces Hinduism.Period of Empires 320–500 - Gupta period. (Incorporation into North India.) 500–750 - Chaos. 750–1200 - Buddhist and educational center. Partnership era. (Expansion into northern India.)Dark Ages 1200–1400 - Decline and foreign invasion. 1400–1600 - Early Islamic period. 1600–1800 - Mughal period but independence. 1800–1900 - British brutal rule, destruction of the economy. Period of revolutions 1900–1947 - Anti-British revolution, breaking away of Bengal (partition and power), partition and independence of India. 1947–1952 - Emergence of East Pakistan. Oppression, destruction of culture, language movement. 1952–1971 - Final mutilation of Bengal's economy and genocide in 1971, freedom comes after revolution. 1971–2000 - Corrupt governments.


External links

Images, sounds and videos about Bengal at Wikimedia Commons Dictionary entry Bengal in Wiktionary