August 14, 2022
Broome is a city in Australia. It is located in the Kimberley region in the northern part of the state of Western Australia. The city has approximately 15,000 inhabitants. The city is located on the coast of the Indian Ocean. The climate is semiarid, the temperature record is 44.8 °C. The original inhabitants were Australians from the Yawuru tribe. The town was founded in 1883 by John Forrest and named after the Governor of Western Australia, Frederick Broome. The main economic sector was the collection of natural pearls, around 1910 Broome was the largest producer of pearls in the world. On March 3, 1942, Broome was bombed by the Japanese Air Force. The coast of Roebuck Bay is an important stopover for migrating waterfowl and a bird observatory was established here. There is also a large colony of bats and sailfish are hunted in the surrounding sea. Dinosaur footprints have been found at nearby Gantheaume Point. The recreation area is Cable Beach with a nudist beach, in the tourist season the population of Broome increases to thirty thousand. Sun Picture Gardens from 1916 is the oldest summer cinema in the world. Broome has an international airport. A tourist attraction is a natural phenomenon called the "Stairway to the Moon", where the reflection of the full moon in the coastal mud creates the illusion of a staircase. In 1981, Broome entered into a partnership with the Japanese city of Taiji, which also has a tradition of pearl fishing. This cooperation is criticized because of the brutal hunting of dolphins in Taiji.