Dmitry Andreyevich Muratov (Russian Дмитрий Андреевич Муратов, * October 30, 1961, Kuibyshev) is a Russian journalist, co-founder and editor-in-chief of the Russian opposition newspaper Novaya Gazeta. In October 2021, he won the Nobel Peace Prize, along with Filipino journalist Maria Ressa.
He was born in today's Samara (then Kuibyshev). He graduated from the Faculty of Philology of Samara State University. While studying, he became interested in journalism, and was also on a brigade in a local newspaper. After successfully graduating from university, he served in the Soviet Army from 1983 to 1985.
In 1987, he moved to Moscow and began working for Komsomolskaya Pravda. After a discussion about the further direction of this periodical, in which his vision failed, in 1992 he left the editorial office of the daily. Together with a team of colleagues, he founded Novaya Yezhednevnaya Gazeta, which dealt with politics, corruption or war crimes in Chechnya. Former Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev helped financially in the difficult beginnings of the paper, donating part of the money he received together with the Nobel Peace Prize.
At the turn of 1994-1995, Muratov, as a correspondent, devoted himself to the first Chechen war. In 1995, he became the editor-in-chief of the newspaper, which received the current name Novaja gazeta. He left the position of editor-in-chief in 2017, but returned to it two years later.
During almost 30 years of working for the Novaya Gazeta, Muratov experienced the deaths of six of his colleagues, who fell out of favor with the ruling regime. His colleague, for example, Vladimir Putin's critic Anna Politkovskaya, was shot dead in Moscow in 2006 (the commissioner of her murder was never caught). Others included Igor Domnikov († 2000), Viktor Popkov († 2001), Jurij Ščekočichin († 2003), Anastasija Baburovová († 2009) or Natalja Estěmirovová († 2009).
Nobel Peace Prize
In 2021, Muratov won the Nobel Peace Prize; Filipino journalist Maria Ressa received it with him. The Nobel Committee praised their long-term journalism in difficult circumstances and the struggle for freedom of speech.
Muratov is a member of the liberal opposition party Jabloko in 2004, and in 2011 he ran for the party in the local elections in Moscow.
He is critical of Vladimir Putin's policy. In 2014, he signed a proclamation criticizing the Russian annexation of Crimea. In 2020, he signed a letter in support of long-standing protesters against Belarusian President Alexander Lukashenko. In 2021, he was one of the initiators of the petition demanding the release of the opposition Alexei Navalny.
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