French East India Company

Article

July 1, 2022

The French East India Company (French La Compagnie française des Indes orientales or also Compagnie française pour le commerce des Indes orientales) was a French privileged trading company founded in 1664 to compete with the British and Dutch East India Company.

History

It was the idea of ​​Jean-Baptiste Colbert to start trading with the Far East, which French King Louis XIV gave him. approved. François Caron became the first director of the new company, having thirty years of experience with the Dutch East India Company, including twenty years in Japan. The Company's attempt to establish a colony in Madagascar failed, but instead established ports on the islands of Bourbon and Île-de-France, today's Réunion and Mauritius. In 1719, the Society founded settlements in India, but was on the verge of bankruptcy. In the same year, she joined the Mississippi Society along with other French companies, John Law. In 1723, the Society regained its independence. With the decline of the Mughal Empire, the French decided to become more involved in Indian political affairs in order to protect their colonial interests. In South India, they formed alliances with local rulers. In 1741, the French, represented by Joseph François Dupleix, pursued an aggressive policy towards both the Indians and the British until they were eventually defeated by Robert Clive. The French East India Company was no longer able to maintain its financial affairs and in 1769, twenty years before the Great French Revolution, it was abolished. Some commercial port cities, such as Puducherry or Chandannagar, remained under French administration until 1954, when the newly independent India gained control of them. In 1962, 4 cities of the former French India were transformed into the federal territory of Puducherry. The city of Chandannagar was incorporated into the state of West Bengal in 1954.

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Reference

This article uses material from the English Wikipedia article French East India Company.

Literature

HAUDRÈRE (Philippe), LE BOUËDEC (Gérard), Les Compagnies des Indes, ed. Ouest-France, Rennes, 1999. Michel Morineau, Les Grandes Compagnies des Indes Orientales, coll. Que sais-je?, 1999 Philippe Haudrère, Les Compagnies des Indes orientales: Trois siècles de rencontre entre Orientaux et Occidentaux (1600-1858), Les Editions Desjonquère, 2006 - ISBN 2-84321-083-6 Louis Mézin, Gérard Le Bouëdec, Philippe Haudrère, Les Compagnies des Indes, Ed. Ouest-France - 2005 - ISBN 2-7373-3869-7 René Favier, European and Eastern Indians: Au XVIIIe siecle; maritime aspects, commercial and colonial, Ophrys, 2000 Haudrère (Philippe) - General Directorate of the Company of the Indies and Administration of the XVIIIth Millennium Administration in the Administration of Finance under the Old Rule - Colloque in Bercy on 22 and 23 February 1996 - Committee on History economics and finance of France. Haudrère (Philippe) - La Compagnie française des Indes au XVIII ° siècle (1719 - 1795) - Librairie de l’Inde - 1989. Sottas (Jules) - Histoire de la Compagnie Royale des Indes Orientales - 1664 - 1719 - Edition La Découvrance - Rennes - 1994. Compannie des Indes orientales de Saint-Malo (1711 à 1793)> Fonds Magon de la Balue, Archives I&V, fonds 11 J, (3,40 ml) (suite de 1 F 1897 à 1924; see also 39 J 1 to 39 J 9). WANNER, Michal. British-French relations and Indian crises 1768–1774. Prague Papers on the History of International Relations. 2001, vol. 5, pp. 45–60. Available online [PDF]. ISBN 80-7308-016-8.

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French West Indian Society West Indian society French colonies

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