Frederick IX (Christian FREDERIK Franz Michael Carl Valdemar Georg; March 11, 1899, Sorgenfri - January 14, 1972, Copenhagen) was the Danish king who ruled from 1947 to 1972.
He was born on March 11, 1899 at Sorgenfri Castle as the first child of King Christian X and his wife Alexandrina of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern. He joined a naval school when he was very young. He served as a junior officer for several years and subsequently received command of the Danish fleet. In April 1947 he ascended the throne of his father; the question of succession arose immediately, because he had no male descendant - he was the father of three daughters. According to current rules, the successor should be his younger brother, Prince Knud, who at the time had two sons in addition to the eldest daughter. The issue of succession has been discussed at length by the public and parliament, with the result that the constitution was revised in 1953: a unicameral parliament was introduced and the succession law was amended to include women in the claim to the throne. However, these changes had to go through an entire parliament and a referendum before they could be enacted.
Frederick IX he broke down all barriers between the royal family and the people, and he and his wife led a bourgeois rather than a royal life. He was a great lover of music, not only passive but also active - he was a great pianist and regularly conducted the Royal Church Orchestra and the Danish Radio Symphony Orchestra. Jörgen Hoeber, the conductor of the Royal Theater Orchestra, even said that if Frederik had not been king, he would have been one of the best Danish conductors. He was the holder of the Garter Order, the oldest order of the British Empire.
In 1922 he was to marry Princess Olga of Greece, the daughter of Prince Nicholas of Greece, because it was his second cousin (their grandfathers, Frederick VIII and George I of Greece) were brothers, sons of the so-called "father-in-law of Europe" Christian IX. ) came to an end. He did not marry the Swedish Princess Ingrid until May 24, 1935, with whom he also had family ties, but not so close: there were third cousins in the family line from King Oscar I of Sweden and Frederik was in the line from Russian Tsar Paul I. cousin of Ingrid's mother.
From their marriage came three daughters:
Margaret II (* 1940) - Queen of Denmark
Benedict (* 1944)
Anna Marie (* 1946) - wife of King Constantine II of Greece. and as such, the Queen of Greece from 1964 to 1974 Frederick died on January 14, 1972, at the age of seventy-three, of pneumonia at a city hospital in Copenhagen. His eldest daughter as Queen Margaret II ascended the throne.
The official title of Frederick IX. was:
Frederick IX, by the grace of God, King of Denmark, Wend and Goths, Duke of Schleswig, Holstein, Stormarno, Dithmarschen, Lauenburg and Oldenburg.
Titles and honors
History of Denmark
List of Danish heads of state
Pictures, sounds or videos about Frederik IX. at Wikimedia Commons