Gujarat (Gujarati, Gujarat, Gujarat) is a federal state in western India. It is bordered on the northwest by the Pakistani province of Sindh, on the north by Rajasthan, on the east by Madhya Pradesh and on the south by Maharashtra and the federal territory of Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu.
Its inhabitants speak the Indo-Aryan language of Gujarati, a relative of Hindi. Gujarat was established in 1960 by dividing the state of Mumbai (under the British government the so-called Bombay Presidency) according to linguistic aspects into Gujarat and Maharashtra.
According to the 2011 census, there were 60,383,628 inhabitants and the population density was 308 inhabitants / km². The majority of the population is Gujarati, the larger ethnic minorities include Marwari and Bihar. The population is mostly of European origin, the Dravidian admixture is not as pronounced as in other parts of India due to the location of the state and its openness to West Asia, from where the Aryan invaders could penetrate. Hindus made up 89.09% of the population in 2011 and Muslims 9.89%; the rest were various minor religions, such as Judaism, Jainism, Zoroastrianism, or Christianity. Adherents of Zoroastrianism include the Pars, many of the Paris families who played a vital role in the development of Indian industry, have their roots in Gujarat.
Gujarati is the official state language. According to the 2001 census, 86% of the population of Gujarat (52 million people) is a native language. Other important languages are Bhil (4.8%), Hindi (4.7%, including speakers of Rajasthan), Sindhi (1.9 %), Marathi (1.5%) and Urdu (1.1)%)
Gujarat's economy is one of the fastest growing in India. There is a high degree of economic freedom and it is one of the industrial centers of India. The petrochemical industry is developed here. Dates, cotton, peanuts and sugar cane are grown. Other products include milk and dairy products.
There is the tallest statue in the world. The so-called statue of Unity represents Vallabhbhai Patele, a fighter for Indian independence, and measures 182 meters. It was built by Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi. The statue of Unity weighs 67,000 tons. It is built to withstand strong earthquakes and very strong winds. 12,000 bronze plates weighing 1,850 tons were used for the mantle of the statue. The monument and its surroundings occupy more than 20,000 square meters, including an artificial lake with an area of 12 square kilometers. More than 2,000 local workers and several hundred Chinese workers worked on the statue.
Gujarat is divided into 26 districts (Gujarati જીલ્લા jüllá, pl. જીલ્લાઓ džlláó, English district, pl. Districts), 225 táluk and 18539 gámad.
AH અમદાવાદ / Ahmedabad / Ahmedabad
AM અમરેલી / Amreli / Amreli
AN આણંદ / Ánand (Áṇañda) / Anand
KA કચ્છ / Kachcha / Kutch
KH ખેડા / Khéḍá / Kheda
GA ગાંધીનગર / Gandhinagar (Gandhinagar) / Gandhinagar
JA જામનગર / Jamnagar (Jamanagar) / Jamnagar
JU જૂનાગઢ / Junagadh (Junagahha) / Junagadh
DG ડાંગ / Dáng (Dáñga) / Dang
TA áp / Tápí / Tapi
DA દાહોદ / Dáhód (Dáhóda) / Dahód
NR નર્મદા / Narmada / Narmada
NV નવસારી / Navsari (Navasari) / Navsari
PA પાટણ / Patan (Páṭaṇa) / Patan
PO પોરબંદર / Pórbandar (Pórabañdara) / Porbandar
PM પંચમહાલ / Panchmahal (Panchamahala) / Panchmahal
BK બનાસકાંઠા / Banácanthá (Banásakáñṭhá) / Banaskantha
BR ભરૂચ / Bharucha / Bharucha
BV Bh / Bhavnagar