The Imjan War


July 1, 2022

The Imjin War was a war between Japan and the Korean-Chinese alliance from 1592–1598. By the early 1590s, the Japanese warlord and politician Hideyoshi Toyotomi had united the entire country under his rule. However, the rule over Japan was not enough for his ambitions, so he decided to conquer Ming China. He appealed to the Korean government for an alliance and to allow the passage of the Japanese army into China. However, Korea recognized its vassal dependence on China and rejected the Japanese. The Japanese government responded to this by preparing an invasion of Korea. Japanese troops landed in Korea in 1592. The ill-prepared Korean army did not put up much resistance and the Japanese advanced quickly, after only twenty days they occupied Seoul and continued further north. However, the occupation of the country provoked a wave of popular resistance, which grew into a regular guerrilla war. The victories of the Korean navy led by Admiral I Sun-sin in the summer and autumn of 1592 played a very important role in the organization of the resistance. The Korean land army also rose up, and in addition, at the beginning of 1593, the Chinese government sent a large corps led by General Li Zhu-sung to help the Koreans . By May 1593, Sino-Korean troops had pushed most of the invaders out of Korea. In 1593, the Japanese agreed to negotiate an armistice in order to buy time for a new offensive. But the next invasion in 1597 was not successful either, and by the end of the next year the Japanese were defeated.


This article used a translation of the text from the Russian Wikipedia article Имджинская война.


basic monograph on the Imdzin War HAWLEY, Samuel. The Imjin War: Japan's Sixteenth-Century Invasion of Korea and Attempt to Conquer China. Seoul: Royal Asiatic Society, Korea Branch, 2005. 664 pp. ISBN 8995442425, ISBN 9788995442425. (English) SWOPE, Kenneth M. A Dragon's Head and a Serpent's Tail: Ming China and the First Great East Asian War, 1592-1598. 1st ed. Norman, Oklahoma: University of Oklahoma Press, 2009. 432 pp. (Campaigns and Commanders Series). ISBN 978-0-8061-4056-8. (English) TURNBULL, Stephen. Samurai Invasion: Japan's Korean War 1592 -1598. London: Cassell & Company, 2002. 256 pp. Available online. ISBN 0304359483, ISBN 9780304359486. (English) other literatureHABOUSH, JaHyun Kim. The Great East Asian War and the Birth of the Korean Nation. 1st ed. NY: Columbia University Press, 2016. 221 pp. ISBN 0231172281, ISBN 9780231172288. (English) The East Asian War, 1592-1598: International Relations, Violence and Memory. James B. Lewis edition preparation. Oxon: Routledge, 2015. 402 pp. ISBN 1317662741, ISBN 9781317662747. (English) LI, Chen Won. Имдинская отечественная война 1592–98 гг.. Pyongyang: Департамент культурной связи с заграницей минестрства культуры и пропаганды КНДР, 1953. 60 pp. Available online. (Russian) PARK, Yune-hee. Admiral Yi Sun-shin and His Turtleboat Armada: A Comprehensive Account of the Resistance of Korea to the 16th Century Japanese Invasion. Seoul: Hanjin Publishing Company, 1973. 264 pp. (English) SWOPE, Kenneth M. Bestowing the Double-Edged Sword: Wanli as Supreme Military Commander. In: ROBINSON, David M. Culture, Courtiers, and Competition: The Ming Court (1368–1644). 1st ed. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Asia Center, 2008. ISBN 0521243327. pp. 61–115. (English) TURNBULL, Stephen. Samurai. Military history. Saint Petersburg: Eurasia, 1999. 430 pp. Chapter X. Корейская война Хидеёси. (Russian)

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