Indian People's Party

Article

August 14, 2022

The Indian People's Party (in Hindi भारतीय जानता पार्ती, in Czech transcription Bharatij janta party or Bharatiya janta, abbreviated BJP) is a political party in India, ideologically aligned to the right, social conservatism and the leading form of Indian nationalism, Hindutva. It is India's strongest party and, together with the Indian National Congress, forms the pair of major political forces in the country; since 2014 it has been the government party and at the same time the home party of Prime Minister Narendra Modi. In its current form, it was established in 1980 and was already part of two Indian governments in the years 1998–2004 as part of the National Democratic Alliance.

History

The party traces its roots to the Hindu nationalist organization Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS) and the right-wing Bharatiya Jana Sangh (BJS), which since its inception in 1951 has politically promoted the ideology of the RSS. In 1977, the BJS in opposition to the Indian National Congress merged with other parties to form the Janta Party, from which a faction promoting the possibility of parallel membership in the RSS split off in 1980 and founded a new party called the Bharatiya Janta (Indian People's Party). The new party subscribed to the nationalist ideology of Hindutva. She recorded her first electoral success in 1989, when she promoted the construction of a Hindu temple in the city of Ayodhya, on the site of the Babur Mosque, which was later demolished. The party's support rose rapidly and in 1991 it already occupied 117 seats in the House of People, the lower parliamentary chamber. The demolition of the Babur Masjid in 1992 caused great controversy and led to a wave of violence across the country with more than a thousand victims, causing opposition to the BJP to grow. In response to the decline in popularity, the party expanded its membership and its leaders took part in a series of ratha jatra processions and political marches, worshiping Rama as a symbol of cultural renaissance. After the 1996 general election, the party became the strongest single entity in the House of People, but because it lacked a parliamentary majority , the government with her participation under the leadership of Atal Bihari Vajpayee lasted only 13 days. After the 1998 elections, the BJP formed the government as the strongest party in the National Democratic Alliance, again under the leadership of Vajpayee. This government lasted a year, however, after another general election in 1999, the coalition formed another government (for the third time with Prime Minister Vajpayee) which lasted until the next regular election in 2004. In this election, the alliance lost its majority and the Indian People's Party itself came second, behind by the Indian National Congress under the leadership of Sonia Gandhi. After ten years as the main opposition party (during two electoral terms), the Indian People's Party returned to power in 2014. Under the leadership of electoral leader and long-time chief minister of the union state of Gujarat, Narendra Modi, it scored a resounding victory, winning a parliamentary majority and forming a government with Modi at the helm. The party itself occupied 282 seats in the lower parliamentary chamber, and the entire National Democratic Alliance now had up to 336 votes. In local elections in five union states in 2018, the party suffered significant losses in all these states (for example in Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Chhattisgarh), however, in the general elections a year later, it recorded its best ever result, increasing its majority in the House of People (up to 303 representatives ) and reconstituted a government under Modi's leadership.

General Election Results

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External links

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