South hemisphere


January 24, 2022

The Southern Hemisphere or Southern Hemisphere is a term referring to the part of the Earth that extends south of the equator (0 ° N / S) to the South Pole (+ 90 ° S).


The Southern Hemisphere includes five continents (Antarctica, Australia, most of South America, part of Africa and a small part of Indonesia located in Asia.) And four oceans (southern Atlantic, Indian Ocean, South Pacific and South Ocean). There are also several Asian islands in the southern hemisphere. Due to the inclination of the Earth's axis and the ecliptic, summer in the Southern Hemisphere begins on December 21 and ends on March 21, and winter begins on June 21 and ends on September 21.

Geography of the Southern Hemisphere

The climate is generally milder than in the northern hemisphere, except for Antarctica, which is colder than the Arctic. This is due to the greater predominance of water than in the northern hemisphere. Water warms and cools more slowly than the earth. The Southern Hemisphere is significantly less polluted than the Northern Hemisphere, due to lower population density (only 10 to 12% of the human population lives in the Southern Hemisphere), less industrialization and less land (western winds predominate and pollution cannot spread south or north). The South Pole is oriented towards the center of the galaxy, and in combination with the brighter sky, it creates a beautiful night sky with a much larger number of stars than in the northern hemisphere.

List of continents and countries in the southern hemisphere


Antarctica Africa (approximately 1/3 - the border is the southern part of the city of Libreville in Gabon in the west and the south of Somalia in the east) Australia South America (most - the border is formed by the Amazon estuary in the east and the city of Quito in the west)

African States

The whole territory: Angola Botswana Burundi Comoros South African Republic Lesotho Madagascar Malawi Mozambique Namibia Rwanda Swaziland Tanzania Zambia ZimbabweMost: Democratic Republic of the Congo Gabon Republic of the CongoParts: Kenya Equatorial Guinea Somalia Sao Tome and Principe Uganda

Asian States

Note: Asian countries in the southern hemisphere are not part of the contiguous Asian countries. The whole territory: East TimorMost: Indonesia

Indian Ocean States

The whole territory: Madagascar Mauritius SeychellesParts: Maldives

States in Oceania

The whole territory: Australia cooks Islands Fiji Nauru New Zealand Niue Papua New Guinea Pitcairn Islands Samoa Solomon Islands Tahiti Tokelau Tonga Tuvalu Vanuatu Easter IslandMost: Kiribati

States of South America

The whole territory: Argentina Bolivia Chile Paraguay Peru UruguayMost: Brazil EcuadorParts: Colombia

Other territories

American Samoa (USA) Antarctic and sub-Antarctic islands Ascension (United Kingdom) Bouvet Island (Kingdom of Norway) Falkland Islands (United Kingdom) French Polynesia (France) Galapagos Islands (Ecuador) Chago Islands (United Kingdom) Jarvis Island (USA) South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands (United Kingdom, claimed by Argentina) South Orkney (part of the Antarctic Treaty, claimed by Argentina) Kergueleny (France) Kermadek Islands (New Zealand) Mayotte (France) New Caledonia (France) New Zealand Sub-Antarctic Islands (New Zealand) Reunion (France) Saint Helena (United Kingdom) Juan Fernández Islands (Chile) Saint Paul and New Amsterdam (France) Swains Island (USA, claimed by Tokelau) Tristan da Cunha (United Kingdom) Wallis and Futuna (France)


Related Articles

northern hemisphere Season Equinox tropic of Capricorn South Cross

External links

Pictures, sounds or videos on Southern Hemisphere on Wikimedia Commons

INSERT INTO `wiki_article`(`id`, `article_id`, `title`, `article`, `img_url`) VALUES ('NULL()','Jižní_polokoule','South hemisphere','Pictures, sounds or videos on Southern Hemisphere on Wikimedia Commons','')