The Cairo Conference (code name: Sextant) was a meeting between US President Franklin D. Roosevelt, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, Chinese Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek, and British and American Chiefs of Staff in Cairo, Egypt.
The meeting took place between 22 and 26 November 1943, mainly over another joint plan for conducting military operations against Japan and a possible military operation in Burma (Myanmar). A statement was released at the meeting, which reported relinquishing any territorial demands on Japan and confirming the results of the Casablanca conference, which meant a repeat of the demand for Japan's unconditional surrender.
Winston Churchill also wanted to use the Cairo conference for closer consultations with the American side before the upcoming meeting in Tehran, where the Soviet party with Joseph V. Stalin was to be present. The Prime Minister's goal was to obtain the consent of the United States of America to increase the intensity of Allied military operations in the Mediterranean. However, Franklin D. Roosevelt feared that any unity in American and English attitudes would arouse distrust in Joseph Stalin. That is why the key plans have not been resolved.
On December 1, 1943, the so-called Cairo Declaration was issued, which contained its results. What was important was a clear condemnation of Japanese aggression in China and the Pacific, as well as a demand for the return of the annexed territories.
ŽALOUDEK, Karel. Encyclopedia of politics. Prague: Libri, 1999. ISBN 80-85983-75-3. ORT, Alexandr. 20th century Europe. [s.l.]: Arista, 2000.
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Text of the Cairo Declaration, 1 December 1943 (English)
Cairo Conference Press (English)