Constance of Aragon

Article

July 1, 2022

Constance of Aragon (1179?– June 23, 1222, Catania) was an Aragonese infanta who became Queen of Hungary by her first marriage and Queen of Sicily and Empress of the Roman Empire by her second marriage.

Queen of Hungary

Constance of Aragon was the second child and eldest daughter of Alfonso II. of Aragon and his wife Sancha, daughter of King Alfonso VII of Castile. Alfonso II died in 1196, and her further fate was decided by her brother, heir to the throne Peter II. Aragonese. He arranged a marriage with the Hungarian king Emerich. The wedding took place in 1198, and a year later the queen gave birth to a son, Ladislav. King Emerich soon died. Before his death, he tried to secure his son's future and had him crowned as a four-year-old on August 26, 1204, and obliged his brother Ondřej to protect the boy and help him rule until he reached adulthood. So Ladislav became king and Ondřej became regent. However, Ondřej soon seized all power and Konstancie and Ladislav became little more than prisoners. Pope Innocent III also admonished the cruel treatment of them. Constance therefore fled with the child to Vienna to the court of Leopold VI. Little Ladislav, however, died on May 7, 1205. The former regent, now King Ondrej II, took over Ladislav's body and buried it in the royal tomb in Belgrade. Duke Leopold then sent Constance back to Aragon.

Holy Roman Empress

After returning to Aragon, Constance shared a residence with her mother, Queen Sancha, at the convent of Santa María la Real de Sijena. The monastery was founded by a mother after the death of her husband, and now she lived here in retirement. Konstancie spent five years here, until her brother Petr intervened in her fate again. Peter II he needed to strengthen his relations with Pope Innocent III, as the annulment of his marriage to Mary of Montpellier required the Pope's approval. The Pope demanded the hand of the Hungarian queen dowager for his protégé, the young Sicilian king Frederick II. Staufsky. Constance accepted the proposal, remarried by proxy in Zaragoza and traveled to Sicily. She never returned to Aragon. Her mother died shortly after. As a dowry, Konstancie brought her young husband 500 horsemen. Friedrich and Konstancie were married in Messina on August 15, 1209. Konstancie was already thirty years old at the time of the marriage, while her husband was only fourteen. At the same time she was crowned Queen of Sicily. Two years later, their first and only son Jindřich was born. From an early age, Fridrich was a great lover of women's charms. A large number of left-sided people began to breed around the year 1211. At that time, fierce battles for the throne were taking place in Germany. On December 9, 1212, Frederick was crowned King of Germany in opposition to Otto IV. Otto IV. he was finally deposed on June 5, 1215. Shortly thereafter, Constance was also crowned German queen. She remained in Sicily as regent until 1220. Both spouses were crowned Emperor and Empress of the Holy Roman Empire by Pope Honorius III. November 22, 1220. Son Henry became the new German king. Constance of Aragon died two years later in Catania of malaria. She is buried in a Roman sarcophagus in Palermo Cathedral next to her husband with the inscription: At the beginning of the 21st century, she became one of the characters in the historical novel by the writer Ludmila Vaňková Dítě z Apulia.

Ancestral Derivation

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External links

Images, sounds or videos about Constance of Aragon on Wikimedia Commons (German) Genealogy