Lída Plachá

Article

December 3, 2021

Lída Plachá, née Ludmila Plachá, married Šavrdová (November 24, 1921, Městec Králové - October 14, 1993, Prague), was a Czech actress.

Youth - a girl from Fučík's Report

From a young age, she was interested in acting and successfully passed her exams at the drama department of the State Conservatory. At the age of nineteen, she met journalist Julius Fučík in the family of her relatives and later became his liaison in illegal resistance activities. In February 1942, she was accepted as a member of the Communist Party directly by the then illegal central committee. She was arrested later in 1942 and charged in May 1943 with other members of the group. Fučík, together with her then-friend Mirek (owned by Jaroslav Klecan), was sentenced to death and both were executed on September 8, 1943 in Plötzensee near Berlin. However, she spent the rest of the war in the Ravensbrück concentration camp. Her co-prisoner was, for example, Nina Jirsíková, with whom she collaborated on occasional cultural performances organized in the camp. Fučík devoted three pages to his cooperation with her in his Report written on the noose.

Post-war activities

After the liberation in 1945, she underwent private training with Božena Půlpánová and Eva Šmeralová. In the 1945/1946 season she performed as a guest at the Josef Šmíd's Větrník Theater, in 1946 she became a member of the Divadla pod Plachtou tour group formed by the actor Jindřich Plachta together with František Kovářík, Otomar Korbelář, Jiří Holý, Zdeněk Řehoř and from February 1946 the head of the Village Theater. At that time, Plachá was engaged in the Theater on May 5, and in 1948, after merging this theater with the National Theater, she became a member of the Prague National Theater, where she worked until 1988. She was involved in social organizations and was active in the Union of Czech Dramatic Artists. She has received numerous awards for her political commitment. During the period of normalization, she also performed small roles in film and television and also worked on radio. Many of the theatrical roles in which she performed were also in politically engaged plays. In the game about J. Fučík People Watch, she played herself. Her husband was the ND actor Zdeněk Šavrda (1907–1982).

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Awards

1958 Honors for Merit in construction 1966 Award Deserved Member of the National Theater 1971 Order of Labor 1976 title Deserved Artist 1978 and 1982 Award of the Association of Czech Dramatic Artists 1981 Order of Victorious February 1981 Jaroslav Průcha Award

Theatrical roles, selection

1946 G. J. Gradov: Ridiculous Work, Village Woman, Pod Plachtou Theater / Village Theater, directed by Zdeněk Míka 1950 N. F. Pogodin: Kremlin Astronomical Clock, Praskovja, Tyl Theater, directed by Aleš Podhorský 1951 J. A. Buryakovsky: People Watch, Lída Plachá, National Theater, directed by Jan Škoda 1953 Jan Drda: Playing with the Devil, Dišperanda, The National Theater, directed by František Salzer 1956 Mrštík Brothers: Maryša, Hospodská, National Theater, directed by Zdeněk Štěpánek 1957 Karel Čapek: White Disease, daughter, National Theater, directed by František Salzer 1961 N. V. Gogol: The Auditor, Avdoťa, Tyl Theater, directed by Jaromír Pleskot 1963 Maxim Gorky: Vassa Zeleznovova, Lisa, The National Theater, directed by Antonin Dvorak 1966 Viktor Dyk: The Wisdom of Don Quixote, The Honorable Person, The National Theater, directed by Václav Špidla 1967 Ludvík Aškenazy: Rasputin, Administrator, National Theater, directed by Evžen Sokolovský 1971 Antonín Zápotocký: New Warriors Rise, Kolářka, National Theater, directed by Miloslav Stehlík 1976 Alois Jirásek: Lucerna, Klásková, The National Theater, directed by Josef Mixa 1981 F. M. Dostoevsky: The Idiot, Nina Alexandrova, Tyl Theater, directed by Zdeněk Kaloč 1987 Maxim Gorky: Yegor Bulychov and others, Zobunova, New Stage of the National Theater, directed by Fr

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