Leonid Kravchuk

Article

May 28, 2022

Leonid Makarovich Kravchuk (Ukrainian оеонід Макарович Кравчук; January 10, 1934, Żytyń Wielki, Poland, now Ukraine - May 10, 2022) was a Ukrainian politician. From December 1991 to July 1994, he was the first Ukrainian president.

Political activity

Kravchuk was a member of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU) and the first secretary of the Ukrainian CPSU since 1990. He left the party in August 1991. On December 8, 1991, he signed the so-called White Tower Agreement on the Establishment of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) for Ukraine, which ended the existence of the Soviet Union.5. December 1991 was elected the first President of Ukraine. He was not yet as strong a president as his successor. In 1994, he was defeated in the presidential election by Leonid Kuchma. After leaving the presidency, he worked for the Social Democratic Party of Ukraine. He later left politics.

Honors

Order of the October Revolution - Soviet Union Order of the Red Banner of Labor - Soviet Union Order of Prince Jaroslav the Wise V Class - Ukraine, August 21, 1996 - awarded by President Leonid Kuchma for significant personal contribution to the formation and development of the sovereign democratic state of Ukraine and on the occasion of the fifth anniversary of Ukraine's independence Order of Prince Jaroslav the Wise IV. Class - Ukraine, January 10, 1999 - awarded to President Leonid Kuchma for outstanding personal service to the Ukrainian state in building the republic and for long-standing public service Hero of Ukraine, Order of the State - Ukraine, August 21, 2001 - awarded by President Leonid Kuchma for extraordinary personal contribution to the formation and development of an independent Ukraine and for many years of active political and public activity Order of Prince Jaroslav the Wise III. Class - Ukraine, January 10, 2004 - awarded by President Leonid Kuchma for outstanding personal contributions to the formation and development of an independent Ukrainian state, for long-term fruitful socio-political activities and on the occasion of his 70th birthday Order of Prince Jaroslav the Wise II. Class - Ukraine, January 9, 2007 - awarded by President Viktor Yushchenko for outstanding status and political activity in the name of scoring independent Ukraine and for significant contribution to the formation and development of Ukrainian society Order of Freedom - Ukraine, January 10, 2014 - awarded by President Viktor Yanukovych for extraordinary personal contribution to the development of Ukraine and for long-term fruitful political activity Jubilee Medal for the 25th Anniversary of Ukraine's Independence - Ukraine, August 19, 2016 - awarded by President Petro Poroshenko for significant personal contributions to the creation of an independent Ukraine and promoting its sovereignty and strengthening international prestige, for significant contribution to state building, for socio-economic, cultural and educational development, for active socio-political activity and for honest and impeccable service to the Ukrainian nation Order of Prince Jaroslav the Wise Class I - Ukraine, July 15, 2020 - awarded by President Volodymyr Zelensky for significant personal contribution to state formation, building Ukraine's independence, active socio-political activity and on the occasion of the 30th anniversary of the Declaration of State Sovereignty

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Reference

External links

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