Maia Sandu

Article

May 28, 2022

Maia Sandu, unmistakably Sandu, (* May 24, 1972, Risipeni, Fălești District) is a Moldovan politician, the 6th President of the Republic of Moldova, who served as Prime Minister between June and November 2019.

Youth and education

She was born on May 24, 1972 in the village of Risipeni in the Fălești district of the then Moldovan SSR. In 1989 she began her studies at the Moldova Academy of Economic Studies (Academia de Studii Economice a Moldovei) in Chisinau, which she completed in 1994 with a bachelor's degree in economics. In 1998 she obtained a master's degree in international relations from the Academy of Public Administration of the Government of the Republic of Moldova (Academia de Administrare Publică de pe lângă Președintele Republicii Moldova). Between 2010 and 2009, she studied a master's program in public administration at the John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University. In addition to his native Romanian, he is fluent in English and Russian. She worked for the World Bank, first for its Moldovan office from 1998-2005 and later between 2010 and 2012 as an advisor to one of the 25 CEOs at the World Bank headquarters in Washington, D.C.

Political career

Between 2012 and 2015, she held the post of Minister of Education in the cabinets of Vlad Filat, Iuria Leancy and Chiril Gaburici. In July 2015, she was one of the possible candidates of the pro-European Liberal Democratic Party of Moldova for Prime Minister after Gaburici's resignation in June 2015. Sandu made the appointment conditional on the removal of Moldovan National Bank Governor Dorina Drăguțan and Attorney General Cornelius Gurin following the disappearance of $ 1 billion from the banking system. Finally, President Nicolae Timofti entrusted Valeria Strelețe with the office.

Minister of Education

From July 24, 2012 to July 30, 2015, Maia Sandu served as Minister of Education. Shortly after her appointment, she began a series of reforms. In particular, the rules for conducting national examinations at secondary schools and universities have been changed. She tried to prevent cheating during the tests. Metal detectors were installed at the entrance to the schools and the classrooms were equipped with cameras. Students who were caught cheating during the written test lost the right to repeat the exam. The changes have been accepted controversially by society, as many citizens and politicians have believed that such scrutiny puts a heavy psychological burden on student exams. Another change was the preference for teaching English at the expense of Russian. Thus, since 2014, according to the curriculum, English is a compulsory subject for all and Russian only an optional subject.

Presidential Election 2016

On December 23, 2015, she founded the political movement that later became the Action and Solidarity Party (Partidul Acțiune și Solidaritate), for which she ran in the 2016 direct presidential election. In the second round, Igor Dodon won with 52.11% against Sandu's 47.89%.

Prime Minister of Moldova

In the parliamentary elections in 2019, her PAS, together with the PPDA (Partidul Platforma Demnitate și Adevăr) party, led by Andrei Năstas, created the pro-European ACUM electoral bloc, which won 26 of the 101 seats of the unicameral parliament. On June 8, Maia Sandu was elected prime minister by parliament in a coalition government formed with the victorious Socialist Party of the Republic of Moldova (PSRM). On the same day, the Constitutional Court of Moldova declared the appointment of its government unconstitutional and removed the powers of President Igor Dodon, which provoked a constitutional crisis. However, on June 15, the Constitutional Court changed this view, recognizing the formation of her government in accordance with the constitution and reaffirming Dodon's powers as president. The Socialists, a coalition partner of the ACUM party,