Maria Prymachenko

Article

May 20, 2022

Maria Oksentijivna Prymachenko (Ukrainian Марія Оксентіївна Примаченко, January 12, 1909 - August 18, 1997) was a Ukrainian folk naive painter. She devoted herself to painting, embroidery and ceramics.

Personal life

Prymachenko was born into a peasant family and spent most of her life in the village of Bolotnja in the Ivakiv district in the Kiev region, just 30 kilometers from Chernobyl. She attended school for four years before undergoing polio, so she had a physical disability that affected her life and art. She described her first artistic experiments in later life: During her childhood, she learned to embroider and became a member of the Ivankiv Cooperative Embroidery Association. Her talent was recognized by the artist Tetjana Flora, thanks to whom in 1935 she got a job in the Central Experimental Workshop of the Kiev Museum of Ukrainian Art. In Kiev, Prymachenko underwent two operations that allowed her to stand without help. There she met her partner Vasyl Marynchuk. In March 1941, their son Fedir Prymachenko was born in Kiev, and they did not have time to marry Vasyl Marynchuk because he died during the war in Finland. Then she returned to Ivankiv and worked in a local collective farm. The son of Fedir also became a folk artist, he died in 2008. The artists also became the grandchildren of the painter, Petro and Ivan.

Career

Prymachenko first exhibited her paintings in 1936 in Moscow, Leningrad and Warsaw. In 1937 she exhibited in Paris. Her works were inspired by Ukrainian and Polish folk traditions and refer to nature and fairy tales. During the 1930s, she switched from embroidery to painting, and her works from this period are painted on a white background. Her bold and expressive line developed and combined traditional Ukrainian motifs in new ways. During the 1960s and 1980s, her style continued to develop, with an increasingly vivid color palette and a new selection of bright backgrounds. At this time, she switched from working with watercolor to working with gouache. From the 1970s, Prymačenko began to include short phrases or proverbs related to the subject of the work on the back of his canvases.

Awards and recognitions

In 1966, Taras Shevchenko won the National Prize of Ukraine. UNESCO has declared 2009 the year of Prymačenková. A street in Kiev and a small asteroid are named after Prymačenková. Pablo Picasso once said after visiting the Prymačenková exhibition in Paris: “I bow before the artistic miracle of this great Ukrainian woman.” Her works have appeared on Ukrainian stamps and coins. More than 650 of her works are stored in the collection of the National Museum of Folk Decorative Arts.

Loss of works

During the Russian invasion of Ukraine, the Ivankiv History and Museum of National History was burned down and held 25 of its works. However, some works were saved by the locals. Vlada Litovchenko, director of the Vyshgorod Historical and Cultural Reserve, noted that the museum was home not only to the works of Prymachenko, but also to other Ukrainian artists, such as Hanna Veres. Litovchenko said: "Another of the irreplaceable losses of the historical and cultural authority of Ukraine is the destruction of the Ivankiv Historical and Cultural Museum by the aggressor in these hellish days for our country."

Gallery

Links

Reference

This article uses material from the English Wikipedia article Maria Prymachenko.

External links

Pictures, sounds or videos on Marìja Ovksentìjivna Pryjmačenko on Wikimedia Commons A set of postcards by Maria Primachenko. Leningrad, Aurora Art Publishers, 1979. "My world". Maria Prymatschenko - Painting. Wiktor Maruschtschenko - Photos. Catalog Berlin, Kommunale Galerie, 2000. July 2012 / https: //web.archive.org/web/20120711180846/http: //www.artukraine.com/paintings/pryimachenko.htm Works