Matryoshka doll

Article

August 14, 2022

Matryoshka (Russian матрёшка matrjoška, ​​Slovak matrioška, ​​English matryoshka doll), sometimes also called babushka, is the name of a traditional Russian hollow wooden turned and painted egg-shaped doll that can be unfolded and which hides several other smaller and smaller wooden dolls that can be also unfold, with the exception of the smallest one, which is completely in the center of this set of dolls. The name matryoshka is a diminutive of the then widespread Russian female name Matriona, which is based on the Latin word mater – mother; The matryoshka doll is thus a symbol of motherhood and thus fertility.

History

The first matryoshka doll was made in Russia in the 1890s, and its prototype was a figure of a bald Buddhist monk, which was brought to Russia before the end of the 19th century from the Japanese island of Honshu. The figure in question, called a fukurama, was collapsible just like later Russian matryoshka dolls, and contained smaller and smaller figures of the bald monk when he was younger. It was exhibited in St. Petersburg in December 1896 at an exhibition of Japanese art and today it is stored in the Art and Pedagogical Museum of Toys in Sergiyev Posad near Moscow. Thanks to the silver medal from the World Exhibition in Paris in 1900, the matryoshka also won the first orders from various countries. During the Soviet Union, matryoshka dolls with the image of Lenin and other leading politicians were also produced. They were produced even after the fall of totalitarianism, matryoshka dolls of athletes, Russian and American presidents can be seen today, and they find a market as a sought-after item for tourists.

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External links

Images, sounds or videos on the subject of matryoshka on Wikimedia Commons Matryoshka dolls are celebrating their jubilee in Russia, but they have origins elsewhere Detailed article about matryoshka dolls Matryoshka as a stylish decoration