International Union for Conservation of Nature
The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) is an international organization dedicated to the conservation of natural resources. It was founded in 1948 and is based in Gland, Switzerland, on Lake Geneva. The IUCN brings together 83 states, 108 state institutions, 766 non-governmental organizations, 81 international organizations and around 10,000 experts and scientists from around the world.
The mission of the IUCN is to influence, promote and assist societies around the world in protecting the integrity and diversity of nature and to ensure that any use of natural resources is equitable and environmentally sustainable.
The first Director-General of UNESCO, Sir Julian Huxley, who wanted to build UNESCO on a more scientific basis, organized a congress to create a new environmental institution to serve this purpose. At this first congress held in Fontainebleau, France, on October 5, 1948, 18 governments, 7 international organizations and 107 national nature conservation organizations agreed to establish an umbrella institution and signed the founding act of the International Union for the Protection of Nature. institutions to examine and promote mutually beneficial conservation measures that will suit both advocates of economic development and help people and states to better protect their flora and fauna. The organization has always emphasized the need to respect the needs of local people to territories and endangered species will be best protected if their protection is considered by local people. Working with local people and not against them became the main principle of the IUCN. The World Conservation Strategy (1980) was based on this principle. In it, the IUCN clearly stated its interest in dialogue with advocates of economic development. It has received a positive international response and has provided the IUCN with the support of a number of sponsors who have not been able to open a dialogue in developing countries themselves, nor do they feel that the UN and international banks intend to engage effectively in such a dialogue. available services of many volunteer professionals who provide advice and conservation services at the local level. The network of committees and regional advisory bodies is expanding to an increasing number of countries. The following is an overview of some of the data key to the growth and development of this organization:
1956: Name changed from International Union for the Preservation of Nature (IUPN) to International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN)
1959: UNESCO decides to draw up an international list of nature parks and similar reserves, and the UN Secretary-General asks the IUCN to draw up this list
1961: After more than a decade of funding problems with the organization, leading figures in science and business (including Sir Julian Huxley) decide to set up a World Wildlife Fund (WWF) to focus on public relations and increasing support for nature conservation.
1969: The IUCN receives a Ford Foundation grant that allows it to significantly expand its international secretariat
1972: UNESCO adopts the Convention Concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage and the IUCN is asked to provide technical monitoring and evaluation
1974: IUCN advocates for the consent of its members to the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES), the secretariat of which was originally based at IUCN
1975: The Convention enters into force