Miluška Havlůjová

Article

July 1, 2022

Milena (Miluška) Havlůjová, née Pomplová (May 13, 1929 Dušníky u Rudná – June 15, 2022) was a resistance fighter, political prisoner and in 1992–1998 the mayor of the Rudná u Prahy village.

Life

During World War II

Her father Jaroslav was the owner of a sawmill and during the Second World War he cooperated with the resistance fighters. During the war, he sometimes hid more than fifty people in the vicinity of Rožmitál who were threatened with persecution by the regime. Together with Arnošt Schwarzenberg from Tochovice, who owned a nearby estate, they built refugee bunkers in the woods. However, the Gestapo discovered him and offered him a reward of 10,000 marks. Fortunately, he was warned in time and managed to hide, so the Gestapo did not find him. Unfortunately, this did not apply to Miluška Havlůjová's mother, who was imprisoned in Terezín until 1945.

After 1948

The family sawmill was nationalized and Miluška was not allowed to graduate from college. Father Jaroslav Pompl was arrested and, on the basis of absurd evidence, sentenced to a year of forced labor on December 23, 1948. Miluška Havlůjová started working as a mannequin in the company Textilní tvorba in Prague. In 1950, she got married and a year later her son Tomáš was born. In 1953, she and her son were arrested by StB members, who took her to Bartolomejska Street for questioning. For the fourteen-month-old son Tomáš, it was such a terrifying experience that it caused him lifelong trauma. Miluška Havlůjová was convicted on November 27, 1953, for "attempting the crime of sedition against the republic" and was sentenced to five years, finally spending a year and a quarter in prison in the village of Svatý Jan pod Skálou, which served mainly as a hospital for prisoners with serious illnesses. She contracted tuberculosis here and had to be treated for many years. The relationship with her son Tomáš worsened due to her absence and it took a long time to be restored again.

Dismissal

Miluška Havlůjová was released on March 1, 1955 under the amnesty of President Antonín Zápotocký. Her father did not leave prison until 1960, and he died in 1965. After the fall of the communist regime, Miluška Havlůjová became involved in the activities of the Civic Forum, in 1992 she became the mayor of Rudná u Prahy and held this office until 1998.

Links

References

Literature

JINDRA, Martin: Guardians of Humanity. Twelve stories of members of the Czechoslovak Church (Hussite) imprisoned after February 1948. Blahoslav in cooperation with NO CČSH Prague 1 – Staré Město, Prague 2007, pp. 82–88. ISBN 978-80-7000-089-2

External links

Miluška Havlůjová on the Memory of the Nation portal Miluška Havlůjová on the ÚSTR website Miluška Havlůjová on the website MyJsmeToNevzdali.cz Miluška Havlůjová on YouTube Miluška Havlůjová with Post Bellum director Mikuláš Kroupa in the program Krásný tráby (2012) on the ČT website