October 25, 2021
Norway (Norwegian (Bokmål), Norwegian (Nynorsk), Northern Sami Norga), the full name of the Kingdom of Norway (Norwegian (Bokmål) Kongeriket Norge), is one of the Nordic countries on the Scandinavian Peninsula in northern Europe. It has an area of 385,207 km2 and is home to 5,300,000 people. The capital is Oslo. Norway is a unitary state and a parliamentary monarchy. It borders Sweden on most of the southeastern border, with Finland and Russia in the northeast. Norwegian sovereignty also includes the Arctic archipelago of Svalbard (Svalbard) and the island of Jan Mayen, near Iceland. Administratively, Norway also belongs to the island of Bouvetøya in the South Atlantic. The country also claims to Peter I Island in the South Pacific and the territory of the Dronning Maud Land in Antarctica. Norway is a predominantly mountainous country, with the highest mountain Galdhøpiggen measuring 2,469 meters. Also nearby are the two Norwegian glaciers, Jostedalsbreen and Jotunheimen, which attract thousands of tourists each year. On the international road E16, connecting Oslo with Bergen on the west coast of Norway, there is the longest road tunnel in the world (Lærdal Tunnel, 24.5 km long). Norway has created the Nordic model of the welfare state. The Norwegian state also maintains its ownership in key industries such as oil and gas extraction. The oil industry accounts for about a quarter of gross domestic product (GDP). Norway is the world's 15th largest oil producer. In per capita terms, it is the largest oil producer outside the Middle East. Norway has the 4th highest GDP per capita in the world (in purchasing power parity). Since 2009, Norway has been ranked first in the UN Human Development Index. Norway also took first place in the UN World Happiness Report in 2017. According to the Democracy Index compiled by The Economist, Norway has the best democracy in the world. It also has one of the lowest crime rates in the world.