The Orenburg region (Russian Оренбу́ргская о́бласть, Orenburg region) is a region and a federal entity of Russia. It is located in the Volga Federal District.
The capital of the area is Orenburg.
The main river in the area is the Urals, the area is slightly extended by the Southern Urals (mountains). Otherwise, the surface is lowland and hilly, it is worth mentioning the hill Obščij Syrt in the southwest. The largest city is Orenburg, the second largest Orsk.
According to the census, the ethnic composition is as follows:
• Russians: 73.9% • Tatars: 7.6% (about 165,680) • Kazakhs: 5.8% (about 126,440) • Ukrainians: 3.5% (about 76,300) • Bashkir: 2.4% (about 52 320) • Mordovians: 2.4% (about 52 320) • Germans: 0.8% (about 17 440) • Chuvashs: 0.8% (about 17 440) • Belarusians: 0.4% (about 8,720) • Azerbaijanis: 0.4% (about 8,720) • Uzbeks: 0.2% (about 4,360) • and others, not over 0.2%. (0.13% of the population did not state their national identity in the census.)
Agriculture and industry
The Orenburg region is one of the main agricultural areas in Russia because it is climatically favorable: humid spring, dry summer and high number of sunny days create excellent conditions for growing demanding wheat and rye, sunflowers, potatoes, peas, beans, corn, and pumpkins.
The following are exported from the Orenburg region: crude oil and petroleum products, natural gas and products processed by natural gas, rolled iron and non-ferrous metals, nickel, asbestos, chromium compounds, hardened copper, electric motors, radiators, engineering products.
In 2021, the discovery of fossilized bones of a herbivorous Iguanodontia dinosaur, about 5 meters long, was announced in this area.
Pictures, sounds or videos about Orenburg region on Wikimedia Commons