Petr Fiala (born September 1, 1964 in Brno) is a Czech politician, political scientist and university teacher, appointed Prime Minister of the Czech Republic since November 2021. Since October 2013, he has held a parliamentary mandate in the Chamber of Deputies of the Parliament of the Czech Republic, in which he ran in the early elections as a non-partisan from the first place of the South Moravian ODS candidate. He subsequently became a member of this party on November 7, 2013, and at the 24th Congress, which reflected the crushing electoral defeat, he was elected the fourth chairman of the Civic Democratic Party on January 18, 2014. From 2017 to 2021 he was the Deputy Speaker of the Chamber of Deputies of the Parliament of the Czech Republic. Between 2 May 2012 and 10 July 2013, he served as Minister of Education, Youth and Sports of the Nečas Cabinet. In the academic environment, he was the rector and vice-rector of Masaryk University in Brno.
He is the chairman of the board of directors of the independent think tank Pravý břeh, the aim of which is to contribute to the creation of the ideological background of right-wing liberal-conservative politics.
He comes from a traditional Moravian bourgeois family. His grandfather František Fiala was a lawyer who during the First Republic worked as the head councilor of the political administration in the district governor's offices in Ostrava, Hodonín and Olomouc, and later as the state council in Brno. My paternal grandmother Františka Fialová was a Jew, and the whole family ended up in a German concentration camp during the war.
Father Igor Fiala died in 2021. He and his brother Jiří Fiala did not enter the concentration camp as Jewish half-breeds until 1944. After the war, his father joined the Communist Party and left after the suppression of the Hungarian uprising in 1956. He then had to work in manual and personnel the profile of the whole family was noted. His mother Zdenka Fialova worked as a clerk, later she was retired due to cancer. In 1992 he married Jana Fialová (born 1972), whom he met during the Velvet Revolution. The wife studied systematic biology and ecology at the Faculty of Science, MU. He then received a large doctorate in the field of hygiene, preventive medicine and epidemiology. She works at the Department of Health Protection and Promotion of the Faculty of Medicine of Masaryk University, where she sat in the Academic Senate in 2015–2017 and then became the Vice-Dean of the Faculty for Student Affairs. Three children were born into the marriage. The oldest Martin Fiala studied art history at the Faculty of Arts, Masaryk University, Klára Fialová became a student of medicine at the Faculty of Medicine, Masaryk University, and the youngest, Jiří Fiala, studied history and economics. All members of the family graduated from the Brno Grammar School in the class of Captain Jaroš.
In 1983–1988 he studied Czech language and literature and history at the Faculty of Arts of Masaryk University (then Jan Evangelista Purkyně University in Brno), then worked as a historian of older history at the Museum of the Kroměříž Region in Kroměříž (1988–1989). After November 1989, he returned to Brno, where he worked briefly as a journalist for the daily People's Democracy. After leaving the editorial office of this newspaper, he was the deputy editor-in-chief of Revue Proglas from April 1990. Longtime Chairman of the Moravian Regional Committee of the Czech Section of the Pan-European Union (Panuropa-Union Böhmen und Mähren). From 1990 he co-founded the field of political science, together with Vladimír Čermák he founded the Department of Political Science at the Faculty of Arts, Masaryk University, which he took over in 1993. In 1996 he received his habilitation at Charles University in Prague, and in 2002 he was appointed the first professor of political science in the Czech Republic.
He headed the Department of Political Science for ten years, since 1998 at the newly established Faculty of Social Studies. In 1996, he also became the director of the International Institute of Political Science at Masaryk University, where he worked closely with prominent figures of the Czechoslovak exile, Mojmír Po.