Chamber of Deputies of the Parliament of the Czech Republic
The Chamber of Deputies of the Parliament of the Czech Republic, abbreviated PSP CR, PS PČR, in the Constitution of the Czech Republic referred to only as the Chamber of Deputies, is the lower house of the Parliament of the Czech Republic, in the Constitution referred to only as Parliament. It has 200 members elected for 4 years under a proportional system with a 5% clause. The Chamber of Deputies was established on 1 January 1993 by transformation from the current Czech National Council.
For some resolutions specified in the Act on the Rules of Procedure of the Chamber of Deputies, the consent of a higher number of deputies is required for the adoption of a resolution. Absolute majority (ie 101 deputies), for example, to override the presidential veto or express no confidence in the government. A qualified majority of 120 votes (three-fifths of all deputies) is required for the adoption of constitutional laws, the ratification of certain international treaties and the filing of a constitutional action against the President of the Republic.
The Chamber of Deputies cannot override the Senate in the draft Constitutional Act, as well as the Electoral Act, the Act on the Principles of Negotiation and Interaction of the Two Chambers, as well as externally (the so-called Contact Act) and the Act on the Senate Rules of Procedure.
The seat of the Chamber of Deputies is located in Malá Strana in Prague 1, in three blocks of houses and palaces in the area between Malostranský and Valdštejnský squares, around Sněmovní and Thunovská streets. which dates from the end of the 17th century, served as a theater in 1779–1794, and in 1801 it was bought by Czech estates, who rebuilt it into the chamber, offices and archives of the Provincial Committee of the Kingdom of Bohemia. In 1861, a hall was built over the two floors of the palace for the restored Land Assembly, which still serves as the Chamber's main meeting hall. The Czechoslovak Republic was proclaimed here in 1918 and its constitution was adopted in 1920. The Office of the Chamber of Deputies is also located in this block, there are meeting rooms of parliamentary clubs and committees.
Other blocks belonging to the seat of the Chamber are:
House No. 1 on the northern side of the upper part of Malostranské Square, in the 19th century the seat of the Czech Governor's Office and the Jesuit Grammar School.
Block on the northern side of the lower part of Malostranské náměstí: No. 6 (Smiřických Palace or U Montágů), 7 (Sternberg Palace), 518 (formerly called Velikovský House, on the corner of Tomášská Street) and 8 (on the corner of Thunovská and Tomášská Streets) . The Smiřice Palace is notable for the fact that on May 22, 1618, a group of Protestant nobles here secretly agreed on the third day of Prague defenestration, which stood at the beginning of the Thirty Years' War. During the national revival, the Sternberg Palace belonged to the centers of Czech cultural and scientific life. In the years 1993–1996, the entire complex of buildings was reconstructed.
Elections to the Chamber of Deputies
Elections are held by secret ballot on the basis of universal, equal and direct suffrage, according to the principle of proportional representation. Every citizen of the Czech Republic who has reached the age of 18 and is not deprived of his or her right to vote has the right to vote. Every citizen over the age of 21 with the right to vote has the right to be elected.
The details are determined by the electoral law. It does not have the rigidity of constitutional law and can therefore be changed almost like ordinary law. The only difference in the legislative process is the condition that both chambers of Parliament must agree to it. In the case of the Electoral Act, the Chamber of Deputies cannot override the negative opinion of the Senate. Nevertheless, changes to the electoral law are frequent.
The elections are held in 14 multi-mandate constituencies, which copy the regional structure. Number of seats per unit