Mayor

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August 14, 2022

Burkmeister (sometimes also pudmeister, from the German Bürgermeister) was a mayor from the 13th century, originally the chairman of the town council (council of aldermen), the counterpart of the magistrate as the highest appointed official. Aldermen initially took turns in the function of burgomaster, later the burgomaster was elected and confirmed by the authorities. The first burgomaster of the year was called primas or mayor. In the late Middle Ages, his powers gradually expanded until he largely took over or even replaced the function of the magistrate. From the end of the 15th century, city self-government was gradually reduced until in the 18th century it was replaced by a municipal office with appointed and paid officials. Elected municipal councils were restored by Francis Joseph I in 1848.

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References

Literature

F. Hoffmann, The Czech City in the Middle Ages. Prague: Panorama 1992. Otto's educational dictionary, keyword Purkmister. St. 20, p. 1002 Otto's academic dictionary, keyword Bohemia - legal history - constitutional history - middle age - municipal establishment. St. 6, p. 512. Otto's academic dictionary, keyword Bohemia - legal history - constitutional history - more recent times - municipal establishment. St. 6, p. 534. WINTER, Sigismund. Cultural image of Czech cities: Public life in the 15th and 16th centuries: between the years 1420-1620. Volume One. Prague: Matice česká, 1890. Available online. Chapter Burkmister and Primate, pp. 671–687.

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Town hall Village council

External links

Dictionary entry burgomaster in Wiktionary