Human Rights Council
The Human Rights Council (acronym for HRC or UNHRC) is one of the most important bodies of the United Nations and a subsidiary body of its General Assembly. It succeeds the Commission on Human Rights, which it replaced in 2006 following a General Assembly resolution. The Council monitors human rights worldwide and reports on the situation in each country. It focuses, inter alia, on freedom of assembly and association, freedom of speech, freedom of religion, women's rights, the rights of sexual minorities and the rights of racial and ethnic minorities. The Human Rights Council has 47 members who are elected by the General Assembly for three years.
The members of the Board are elected by secret ballot of the General Assembly for three years. The level of respect for human rights in a country does not have a significant effect on whether a country can be a member of the Human Rights Council, and it is the case that often criticized for human rights violations. Part of it changes every year. As in other bodies, the seats are permanently distributed according to UN regions: thirteen members are from Africa, thirteen from Asia, six from "Eastern Europe", eight from Latin America and the Caribbean, and seven from Western Europe and the rest of the world. The Council may, by two-thirds of the votes, suspend the membership of a Member State of the Council which is in serious breach of human rights. The Czech Republic was a Member State in 2006-2007 (part of the initial members was elected for a shorter period in order for the states to change gradually) together with Poland, in 2012–2014 with Romania, and in 2019–2021 with Bulgaria.
The Human Rights Council meets three times a year, in March, June and September. She has dealt with the situation in Burma, Guinea, Iran, Kyrgyzstan, Libya, Côte d'Ivoire, North Korea, Sri Lanka and Syria, among others. In the past, she has been criticized by UN officials, the European Union, Canada and the United States for inadequately resolving the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. George Bush's government boycotted the HRC. By contrast, the United States has been a leader in the Council since 2009.
On June 20, 2018, the United States announced its departure from the Council after repeatedly criticizing the Council for its "chronic bias" against Israel. They thus became the first country to leave the Council voluntarily.
The USA was a member for the period 2016–19.8. April 2022, by decision of the UN General Assembly, Russia was expelled from the Council on the basis of a number of cases of torture and murder of Ukrainian civilians by members of the Russian army during the Russian invasion of Ukraine.10. May 2022, the Czech Republic was elected to the Council, where it replaced Russia.
This article uses material from the English Wikipedia article United Nations Human Rights Council.
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