Reintroduction (from the Latin introductio "introduction" and re- "again"), resp. repatriation is the introduction of any biological taxon (zoological and botanical) to the site of its original occurrence, from where it has disappeared or been exterminated. The aim is to restore the population of the species in the locality where the species originally occurred (autochthonous species), or to strengthen the population.
World-successful repatriations include, for example, the restoration of the vulture population in the Alps (eg reintroduction of the bearded vulture) or in-situ projects to protect vultures, bison in the Białowieża National Park or lynx features in Switzerland. Ongoing repatriations include, for example, the restoration of the populations of the California condor in North America, the Převalský horse in Mongolia (since 2011 the Return of Wild Horses project), orangutans in Borneo and the barn owl in Šumava.
The term reintroduction can be misleading, because in Czech biological technical terminology the introduction is the introduction of species or varieties of plants and animals that are not of domestic origin into a new area, by direct relocation (as opposed to acclimatization), and the prefix means "again" , "Again," "new," "repeatedly." The current Convention on Biological Diversity also states that “Introduction is the movement of a non-native species outside its former or current site by direct or indirect human activity. Such transfers may take place within a single country or between countries or territories outside their jurisdiction. "
The Concept of Rescue Programs ... in the Czech Republic talks about:
"Creation (renewal) of the population of the species in the places of the historical area from which the species disappeared - so-called reintroduction (repatriation),
increasing the number of a certain population, and thus reducing the probability of its extinction - the so-called strengthening of populations,
creation of a new population of the species outside its historical area, if there is no suitable alternative in the place of the original area - the so-called introduction. ”A lay translation of the Anglo-Saxon terms reintroduction and Auswilderung resp. interpreting the expression reintroduction as reintroduction.
This article uses translations of texts from the Reintroduction articles on the English Wikipedia and Auswilderung on the German Wikipedia.
Concept of rescue programs and care programs for specially protected species of animals and plants in the Czech Republic. [Praha]: Ministerstvo životního prostředí, 2014. 150 pp. Access also from: http://www.zachranneprogramy.cz/o-zachrannych-programech/koncepce-zp-a-pp/
PETRACKOVA, Vera; KRAUS, Jiří et al. Academic dictionary of foreign words. Prague: Academia, 1997, 834 pp. ISBN 80-200-0607-9.
Repatriation. In: Jazyková poradna ÚJČ AV ČR [online]. © 2008–2018 [cit. 30. 9. 2018]. Available from: Internet Language Guide [online]. Prague: Institute for the Czech Language of the ASCR, v. V. I, 2008–2021. Repatriation password.
General encyclopedia in eight volumes. 6, p / r. 2. nezm. Prague: Diderot, 2002. 482 pp. ISBN 80-86613-06-2.
Horticultural dictionary. 3. CH – M. Prague: Institute of Agricultural and Food Information, 1997. 559 pp. ISBN 80-85120-62-3.
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