Russian invasion of Ukraine (2022)

Article

May 17, 2022

The Russian invasion of Ukraine or the Russo-Ukrainian War (commonly also the Russian aggression in Ukraine, the war in Ukraine or the Putin War) is an armed conflict that began on the morning of February 24, 2022 with a Russian attack on Ukraine. It is part of the Russian military intervention in Ukraine and the culmination of the Russian-Ukrainian crisis. As early as October 2021, in the context of growing tensions between Russia and Ukraine, there were reports of the accumulation of tens of thousands of Russian soldiers and military equipment on the border with Ukraine, which resulted in officially announced military maneuvers.3. December 2021 The American Post The Washington Post announced, with reference to the US Secret Service, that Russia had amassed an army of 175,000 troops and was preparing to invade Ukraine in early 2022. At that time, he also had satellite images of Russian bases with ready technology. Russian officials repeatedly denied preparations for the invasion, and in January and February 2022 called similar claims "hysteria", "provocation" and "misinformation" of the West. On February 16, the Russian Duma recognized the independence of the Donetsk and Luhansk Republics. Since February 17, Ukraine has stepped up the shelling of the Donetsk and Luhansk republics many times over. Both republics then announced a population evacuation and general mobilization. On February 21, Russian President Vladimir Putin delivered an almost hour-long speech announcing the independence of two self-proclaimed republics in the Donbass region of eastern Ukraine called the Donetsk People's Republic (DNR) and Luhansk People's Republic (LNR), while questioning Ukraine's "true statehood." which he called "an integral part of our [Russian] history." The next day, the Federation Council approved the use of military force abroad, after which Russian troops entered both Donbass territories. In the morning of February 24, Putin published another statement announcing the launch of a "special military operation" (Russian Special Operations, Specialnaja vojennaja operacija) to "demilitarize and denacify Ukraine." He justified the "military operation" by the need to protect Russia itself from NATO enlargement and to help the Russian-speaking population in eastern Ukraine, which allegedly faces bullying and genocide by the Ukrainian government. In the same speech, he called the Ukrainians neo-Nazis; however, he explicitly rejected the permanent occupation of Ukrainian territory outside the Donbask region and did not even talk about plans to conquer Kiev and other Ukrainian cities. Almost immediately after the invasion, Ukraine announced the severance of diplomatic relations with the Russian Federation. Due to the outbreak of fighting, President Volodymyr Zelensky declared a state of war in Ukraine on the same day and a general mobilization on February 25. Russian troops entered Ukraine from Russia, Crimea and Belarus, while Russian-backed armed separatists from the Donetsk and Luhansk regions also joined the combat operation. The first strikes were against Ukraine's military infrastructure, military airports, air defense facilities (air defense) and other strategic objectives, so that ground troops gradually penetrated further inland to besiege and conquer key cities, including Kiev itself, some of which hit hard Ukrainian defense and had to deal with serious logistical problems. In addition, the Russian side is committing air and missile strikes far into the western territory of the Ukrainian state, and in some besieged cities (Bucha, Irpin) after the retreat of the Russians, there is talk of mass murder of civilians on suspicion of possible war crimes. UN) of 5 April was from the beginning of the inva