Sebastian Kurz (pronunciation: * * August 27, 1986 Vienna) is an Austrian politician, the Federal Chancellor between 2020 and 2021, who resigned in October 2021 on suspicion of corruption and bribery. He held this position already in 2017–2019. Since July 2017, he has also been the chairman of the Austrian People's Party (ÖVP).
In October 2010, he was elected to the Vienna City Council. As part of the reconstruction of Faymann's first cabinet in April 2011, he was appointed Secretary of State for Integration at the Ministry of the Interior. He became a member of the National Council in the 2013 parliamentary elections and a foreign minister in Faymann's second government. After the resignation of Vice-Chancellor Reinhold Mitterlehner in May 2017, he replaced him as chairman of the People's Party. In the subsequent parliamentary elections in 2017, he led the People's Party to victory with a gain of 31.5% of the vote.
He was appointed Chancellor on December 18, 2017, along with other members of his first cabinet. Following the scandal of the coalition party, the FPÖ resigned. In the subsequent early elections, his People's Party won again and in January 2020 he was re-appointed Chancellor.
In the office of Chancellor, Kurz became the youngest prime minister in the world, first at the age of 31 and second three years later, ahead of Finn Sanna Marin in this criterion.
Youth and career beginnings
He was born in 1986 in Vienna, where he spent his childhood in the Meidling district. From 1996 he studied at the grammar school (Bundesrealgymnasium Erlgasse), where he graduated in 2004. Subsequently, he completed compulsory military service. While working, he attended the Faculty of Law of the University of Vienna, which he did not complete, but voluntarily left it to pursue politics. He joined the Austrian People's Party youth organization in 2003 and was elected its chairman in 2009. From 2010 to 2011, he sat on the Vienna City Council. In April 2011, he was appointed to the newly established office of State Secretary for Integration at the Ministry of the Interior. In the September 2013 parliamentary elections, he was elected to the National Council as the People's Party.
Minister of Foreign Affairs
In December 2013, he became Foreign Minister in the second cabinet of Chancellor Werner Faymann, formed by a coalition of the People's Party and the Socialists. At the Chancellor's request, he also acquired a new portfolio of social integration. He took the ministerial oath at the age of 27, making him the youngest member of the Austrian government since the founding of the Republic of Austria and the youngest head of diplomacy in the European Union.
Chairman of the People's Party
In July 2017, with 98.7% of the votes cast at the Linz Congress, he was elected Chairman of the Austrian People's Party (ÖVP), with 464 of the 472 delegates present voting for him. He replaced Reinhold Mitterlehner in office. Prior to his election to the head of the Austrian People's Party, he also emphasized his demand to be able to intervene more in internal party affairs, such as being able to influence, veto the nomination of candidates, etc. holding early parliamentary elections.
Under his leadership, the Austrian People's Party won the parliamentary elections on 15 October 2017 with 31.5% of the vote and 62 seats, which was an increase of 7.5% of the vote and 15 seats compared to 2013. The significant victory was caused mainly by the emphasis on the topics of immigration and social policy. The Social Democratic Party of Austria of the current Chancellor Christian Kern finished in the elections just second before the Free Party (FPÖ). Then a new government coalition was negotiated between Kurz and FPÖ chief Heinz-Christian Strach. The agreement on all program and personnel issues was announced on 16 December 2017. Two days later, it was appointed by the President of the Republics