East Frankish Empire
The East Frankish Empire (also the East Frankish Empire) is a designation for an early medieval state founded in 843 and later referred to as the Kingdom of Germany.
The empire was established as a share of Louis the German in the division of the Frankish Empire by the Treaty of Verdun. Its end is usually considered to be the coronation of the East Frankish Otto the Roman Emperor in 962. However, sometimes the term East Frankish Empire refers only to the period until the end of the reign of Charles (911), the rise of the Saxon Otto (919) or the rise of Otto the Great (936).
The East Frankish Empire is the general name of a state unit that was officially known as the Kingdom of East Franconia (Latin regnum Francorum orientalium) until the early 12th century, also known as East Franconia (Latin Francia orientalis), also known from the 11th century as the Kingdom of the Germans (Latin Regnum Teutonicorum).
However, the name regnum Francorum orientalium appears a little later, more precisely in 920, when Karel Dobrý and Jindřich I. Ptáčník concluded the Treaty of Bonn. Charles was allowed to call his empire Regnum Francorum occidentalium, ("Kingdom of the Western Franks").
The rulers of the Oton dynasty began to use the title "King of Rome" (rex Romanrum) instead of the title "King of Rome" (rex Romanorum) to support their claim to universal rule over the Western world. In the investiture dispute, on the other hand, the papal party preferred the "rex Teutonicum," literally the "King of the Germans."
From the 10th century, the East Frankish Empire was also referred to as the regnum Teutonicorum. However, this designation was introduced only in the 11th century, ie from the time of the Hall dynasty. At first, the term regnum generally referred to as "government, the reach of power, the kingdom," and the individual duchies themselves were referred to as regnum at the time. The empire was understood as "Teutonic" (a common term for German-speaking tribes), especially when an army of German soldiers marched across the Alps to Italy. The Frisians, Old Saxons, Lotrinks, Thuringians, Franks, Alemans and Bavarians grouped around the monarch. Taken together, the East Frankish Empire (Holy Roman Empire) was an equivalent successor state according to the Frankish tradition and the traditions of the ancient Roman Empire.
Origin of the empire
The formation of the East Frankish Empire extends to protracted succession disputes between the descendants of Charlemagne. Louis I the Pious, (778–840) fought against his sons for supremacy over the Frankish Empire, which he definitively lost at the beginning of 830. His son Louis II. (German), who had ruled in the Duchy of Bavaria, Thuringia, the Duchy of Franco and the Duchy of Saxony since 831, took over the regency in the eastern part of the Frankish Empire in 833.
Then he built a kingdom and cohesion of tribes or. tribal duchies within their regal reach. By the Treaty of Verdun in 843, Ludvík Němec entered East Franconia in the history of Europe as an independent kingdom.
The Germanic East Frankish Empire was somewhat different from the Romanized West Frankish Empire. It was mostly located outside the ancient Imperum Romanum and its appearance was imprinted mainly by self-confident tribes and tribal dukes. This feature stretches significantly throughout German history.
The first ruler of the East Frankish Empire was Ludvík Němec (Germanicus), so called with reference to the territory of former Germany. Ludvík was based mainly in Regensburg, the capital of Bavaria. Probably in 845 the baptism of 14 Czech princes took place here, Ludvík also intervened in the events of the Great Moravian Empire, where he installed Prince Rostislav in 846 and after many conflicts he took part in his removal by Svatopluk I.
Further developments were influenced by the question of the legacy of the Middle Frankish Empire, which was divided into three parts in 855. After the death of Lothar II. with