Vladislav Jindrich

Article

July 1, 2022

Vladislav Jindřich (ca. 1160/1165 - August 12, 1222, Znojmo) was a Czech prince in 1197 (Vladislav III., In Latin documents Heinricus) and a margrave of Moravia (1192–1194 and 1197–1222), the second-born son of Vladislav II. and his second wife Judith of Thuringia.

Youth

Vladislav Jindřich spent his youth at a time of strife within the Přemyslid family. It is first mentioned in a witness series of prince's privilege in 1187. In 1191 he took part in the uprising of his older brother Přemysl against Prince Wenceslas II. The real director of events was, in fact, the Bishop of Prague, Jindřich Břetislav, who in 1192 secured with the Roman emperor that Vladislav Jindřich take Moravia under his administration, while his older brother Přemysl Otakar I supreme princely government in Bohemia. In 1192, Vladislav Jindřich stayed in Frankfurt am Main as a Moravian margrave. However, he probably controlled only the Znojmo and possibly also the Brno Principality. A year later, Prince Přemysl found himself in trouble, but his brother probably did not help him in any way. After Přemysl went into exile in 1193, the current Prague bishop, Jindřich Břetislav, became the new prince. In 1194, Prince Vladislav deprived him of power and power over Moravia during his campaign in Moravia. Vladislav Jindřich was taken to Prague Castle, where the prince had him under control. For the next few years, he lived under supervision in Prague, and after Přemysl's failed march to Prague, he found himself in prison in 1197.

Vladislav Jindřich Prince

When Jindřich Břetislav died on June 15, 1197, the Czech nobility liberated Vladislav Jindřich and on June 23, 1197, he elected him prince. Of course, Vladislav's older brother Přemysl Otakar I, who invaded Bohemia again in December 1197, also claimed the princely title. The war between the brothers was approaching when their troops met on December 6, 1197. At that time, Vladislav Jindřich, after consulting with Bishop Daniel and the nobles, to prevent a fratricidal struggle, met with his brother the evening before the battle. With this peace, a quarter of a century of fighting for the Czech princely throne ended and the country finally came to a quieter time.

Margrave of Moravia

Vladislav Jindřich became a Moravian margrave again after a family agreement on December 6, 1197. While his reign in Bohemia was only episodic, he ruled in Moravia together (with a break) for 27 years. From the beginning, however, he again controlled only the Znojmo region and possibly also the Brno region. Znojmo was also his seat, or the local castle. Here he maintained a court in which he had similar officials as the then princes. After the death of the local workers, the Olomouc region found itself under the administration of Přemysl Otakar I. It was only between 1209 and 1213 that the government in the whole of Moravia was united under Vladislav Jindřich. According to the Golden Bull of Sicily from 1212, Moravia was probably entrusted to Vladislav Jindřich as an inherited possession as an imperial fief. According to others, Vladislav Henry symbolically received part of Saxony from the emperor so that he could continue to be one of the imperial princes. However, the title of margrave meant an equivalent level with the titles of imperial princes. In 1204 or 1205, the Margrave and Bishop Robert of Olomouc founded the Cistercian monastery in Velehrad. He wanted to indicate a connection with Great Moravia [source?] And the monastery was to become the tomb of the Moravian margraves. Politically, Vladislav Jindřich usually cooperated with his brother, prince and later king of Bohemia. However, his own independent decisions are known. For example, he occupied military gold mines in the area of ​​today's Zlaté Hory, which belonged to the bishops of Wrocław. This also provoked complaints from the pope himself. In 1213 he founded the oldest royal town in Moravia, Uničov, and probably even before that Bruntál (then also on