Elections to the Chamber of Deputies of the Parliament of the Czech Republic 2021

Article

October 25, 2021

Elections to the Chamber of Deputies of the Parliament of the Czech Republic in 2021 took place on 8 and 9 October 2021. A total of 22 entities ran in the elections - 20 political parties and 2 electoral coalitions. These were the first elections to the Chamber of Deputies, which took place according to the new rules after the decision of the Constitutional Court to repeal part of the electoral law. Four entities exceeded the threshold required to enter the Chamber of Deputies (5% for individual parties, or 8% for two-member coalitions and 11% for multiple coalitions): the TOTAL coalition (ODS, TOP 09 and KDU-ČSL) with election leader Petr Fiala with 27.79% of the vote, the YES movement of the current Prime Minister Andrej Babiš finished in second place with 27.12%, in the third place the coalition Pirates and Mayors (Pirates and STAN) with the election leader Ivan Bartoš with 15.62% and in the fourth place the SPD movement with 9.56%. For the first time in the history of the independent Czech Republic, the traditional parties of the CSSD and the KSCM did not get into the Chamber of Deputies. Turnout 65.432% was the third highest in the history of the Czech Republic, higher only in 1996 and 1998.

Results

Overall results

Distribution of seats

Results by region

Percentage of votes

Distribution of seats (coalition)

Distribution of seats (parties)

Maps of the results of the four entities that entered the new House

Electoral paradox

Although the Together coalition won the most votes in the elections, it did not win the most seats in the House. Some commentators have called it an electoral paradox. Political scientist and election expert Daniel Kerekes calculated that if the Together coalition won 3857 to 6003 fewer votes in the South Bohemian Region, it would have an extra MP and the YES movement fewer MPs. Together, it would become the winner of the election and the number of seats.

Electoral system

Original electoral system

Elections to the Chamber of Deputies of the Parliament of the Czech Republic take place in accordance with Act No. 247/1995 Coll., On Elections to the Parliament of the Czech Republic and on Amendments to Certain Other Acts. The second section (§ 24 - § 55) is expressed directly in the elections to the Chamber of Deputies. Every eligible voter has the right to vote. The regions for the registration of candidates, determination of candidate lists, determination of results and subsequent allocation of seats are the regions of the Czech Republic. No later than 45 days before the day of the election, it must have a list of valid candidate lists of the State Electoral Commission, which determines by lot the numbers of ballots. On one of the two days of the election, the eligible voter, after being admitted by the present electoral commission to the vote, elects with one ticket inserted in the official envelope handed by the present commission, on which he can mark up to four in the list of candidates he prefers. all valid votes in terms of the number of ballots and the number of rings marking preferential votes. The number of deputies is set by law at 200. The distribution of seats among electoral regions (ie regions of the Czech Republic) determined the so-called republican mandate number. This was equal to the share of all valid votes cast in all regions and the number of deputies, which is then rounded to units. This mandate number then divides the number of valid votes in each of the regions. If not all of them are divided in this way, ie their sum is less than 200, one seat is added gradually so that the first gets the region with the largest remainder after the division, the second with the second largest, etc., until the sum of 200 divided seats is reached. concerned only those candidate entities that enter the so-called scrutiny. This included all entities that received at least 5% of all valid votes at the republican level, if it was an entity composed of two parties, three

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