Wikipedia: Article of the week / 2022


January 24, 2022

Here is an archive of Articles of the Week published on the Main Page in 2022. Information on when the article was founded, how it developed and who its main authors are can be found in the History of the article.


Masked tern (Sula dactylatra) is a large seabird in the family Teridae (Sulidae), one of the six members of the genus Sula. The species has a stout aerodynamic body with a long pointed yellow beak, elongated stout neck, long slender wings and a pointed tail. Adults usually have white feathers, only the wings and tail are black. The black skin on the face contrasts with the rest of the white head, resembling a mask. With a body length of 75-85 cm, it is the largest member of the Sula genus. Masked tern is widespread in most tropical areas of the Indian, Atlantic and Pacific Oceans, but does not occur in the Eastern Pacific and Eastern Atlantic. In the eastern Pacific Ocean, the ecological niche of the masked tern is filled by the Pacific tern (Sula granti), which was originally considered its subspecies. Terns nest in colonies on islands and atolls far from the mainland near the deep ocean waters in which they forage. At the time of mating, they show relatively strong territorial behavior, supplemented by a number of defensive and offensive attitudes in defending nests, and ritualized courtships and greetings take place for both potential and well-established partners. The female lays two chalk-white eggs in a shallow pit dug in the bare soil outside the vegetation. The young are born bare, shortly after birth they grow fine feathers. The second-born cub is usually killed by an older sibling. The Tereans are proficient divers; behind their prey, they rush at high speed below the ocean surface, where they most often catch flying fish. They are particularly vulnerable to the consequences of climate change and invasive animal species. Although the tern population appears to be declining, the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) rates it as unaffected.


The baptism of fourteen Czech princes in 845 took place on January 13 at the court of Louis II. Germans, probably in Regensburg on the territory of the then East Frankish Empire. This unique event is recorded only in the Fuld annals, but information about this act is given very strictly and concisely. A total of 14 princes of the Czech tribe and their companions took part in the baptism, but the source is silent about further details. It was most likely the tribe's free decision to profess the Christian faith. The decision was perhaps also prompted by the defeat of the Obodrit tribe in 844. Although the princes accepted baptism, they later apparently confirmed their opposition to Christianity due to the policy of King Louis II of East Franconia. Germans. Archaeological excavations have not found traces of the response to this act. There are two modern reminders of the baptism: one trilingual memorial plaque is placed in Regensburg on the wall of the Church of St. Jan next to the local St. Peter's Dome. This church was a baptismal chapel connected to the western choir of the cathedral in Carolingian times. The second memorial plaque, also with text in three languages, is on the wall in Prague's Vyšehrad next to the northern portal of the Basilica of St. Peter and Paul. The double tomb of perhaps one of the fourteen rulers was found in Kolín, Central Bohemia, and its resting place contained rich equipment and baptismal gifts, which the nobleman probably received in Regensburg. In addition to jewelery and weapons, a chalice, probably used for liturgical purposes, was found in the tomb.


The Evangelical Church at the parish congregation of the Czech Brethren Evangelical Church (J. A. Komenský Congregational House) is a sacral building built between 1930 and 1931 in Smíchov, Prague, in Na Doubkové Street. The author of his idea was Filip Křížek, whose son Jaroslav designed the building.

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