13. May


May 17, 2022

May 13 is the 133rd day of the Gregorian calendar (134th in leap years), leaving 232 days until the end of the year.


Politics and World Events

460: In the Battle of Cartagena, Vandals coming from North Africa destroy the Roman fleet lying in Portus Ilicantus (Santa Pola). 927: The Thuringian town of Nordhausen is first mentioned in a deed of donation from Heinrich I to his wife Mathilde. 1534: In the Battle of Lauffen near Lauffen am Neckar, the Protestant Landgrave Philipp I of Hesse and his troops defeated Habsburg forces. He thus restores power and his duchy to Duke Ulrich von Württemberg, who was expelled in 1519. 1710: On the orders of King Friedrich I, construction of a quarantine house, which later became the Charité, begins in front of the Spandowsche Tor in Berlin. 1779: In the Peace of Teschen on the initiative of Russia, the War of the Bavarian Succession is settled between Prussia and Austria. Austria receives the Innviertel, but in return recognizes Prussia's claims to the two Hohenzollern margraviates of Brandenburg-Ansbach and Brandenburg-Bayreuth. 1787: Captain Arthur Phillip left Portsmouth with the British First Fleet, consisting of eleven ships, 756 prisoners and 550 crew members, to found a penal colony in Australia. 1809: Napoleon Bonaparte enters Vienna victorious for the second time in the Fifth Coalition War. In contrast to the first occupation, this only succeeds after heavy shelling and against the resistance of the population. 1830: Ecuador's independence from Greater Colombia is proclaimed in Riobamba; Venezuela also leaves the state association. 1846: The United States declares war on Mexico after the first battle of Palo Alto is over. 1865: With the two-day battle at Palmito Ranch, the military conflicts on land in the American Civil War end. The Confederate forces remain victorious in this final battle. 1888: Regent Isabella of Brazil signs the Lei Áurea, making Brazil the last country in South America to officially abolish slavery. 1912: The formation of the Royal Flying Corps (RFC) is the forerunner of the Royal Air Force (RAF) in the United Kingdom. 1933: Vidkun Quisling founds the fascist political party Nasjonal Samling in Norway. 1940: During the western campaign of World War II, the German Wehrmacht establishes bridgeheads on the French side of the Meuse, beginning the invasion of France. 1940: British Prime Minister Winston Churchill delivers his famous Blood, Sweat, Tears speech to the British Parliament. 1941: Serbian General Draža Mihailović founds the first resistance group against the German occupation of Yugoslavia, the Ravna Gora Movement, with the goal of re-establishing the Kingdom of Yugoslavia. 1943: With the capitulation of the German Army Group Africa under Field Marshal Rommel's successor Hans-Jürgen von Arnim in Tunis, the African campaign of the Axis powers ends in World War II. Around 250,000 German and Italian soldiers are taken prisoner of war. 1944: As part of the Chinese action, the Hamburg Chinatown is dissolved by the Gestapo. 1956: In the national elections in Austria, the ÖVP with Chancellor Julius Raab becomes the party with the most votes, overtaking the SPÖ under Adolf Schärf. 1958: General Jacques Massu is proclaimed president of a "welfare committee" in Algiers after a coup. The Algerian crisis at the end of the Fourth was settled at the beginning of the Fifth French Republic by President Charles de Gaulle. 1965: The third criminal division of the Federal Court of Justice decides not to open main proceedings against the Spiegel editors Conrad Ahlers and Rudolf Augstein. This ends the Spiegel affair. 1968