January 14 (in Austria and South Tyrol: January 14) is the 14th day of the Gregorian calendar, so there are still 351 days (352 in leap years) left until the end of the year.
Politics and World Events
47 B.C. BC: In the Alexandrian War, the combined armies of Gaius Iulius Caesar and Mithridates of Pergamon, near Alexandria, succeed in defeating the Egyptian forces under King Ptolemy XIII. Fleeing from the battle, Ptolemy drowns in the Nile.
1301: With the death of King Andreas III. The Árpád dynasty dies out in Hungary.
1526: Emperor Charles V and the French King Francis I, brought to Madrid after his capture in the Battle of Pavia, conclude the Peace of Madrid to end the Italian Wars. In it, the king renounces Naples and Milan and assures the return of Burgundy. After his release on March 18, however, he broke the contract and continued the dispute with the Habsburg with the League of Cognac.
1659: In the Battle of Elvas during the Restoration War, the Portuguese succeed in repelling an advance by Spanish troops.
1724: King Philip V of Spain abdicates in favor of his son Louis I, presumably due to depression.
1761: Afghan Durrani defeat Marathas in Third Battle of Panipat, taking power in Delhi. Subsequently, the weakening of the Maratha Empire favored the rise of the British as a power in India.
1775: On James Cook's second South Pacific voyage, the seaman Thomas Willis discovers a group of islands in the South Atlantic, which are named in his honor the Willis Islands.
1784: The American Continental Congress ratifies the Peace of Paris negotiated with Britain, ending the American Revolutionary War.
1797: In the Battle of Rivoli, the French troops under Napoleon Bonaparte prevail against the Austrian corps under Joseph Alvinczy von Berberek, which had come to relieve Mantua. The besieged therefore capitulate a short time later, which clears the way for the French to march on Vienna.
1814: Sweden dictated the Peace of Kiel to Denmark, which was defeated as an ally of France in the Sixth Coalition War. Denmark under Frederick VI. must cede Norway and join the coalition against Napoleon, but may keep Greenland, Iceland and the Faroe Islands from the Danish-Norwegian personal union.
1858: In front of the Paris Opera, a group led by Felice Orsini carried out a bomb attack on the arriving imperial motorcade, Napoleon III. and Empress Eugénie, however, remain unharmed. The assassination prompted the construction of a new opera house.
1887: The Reichstag is dissolved after a proposal by Otto von Bismarck's government to increase the army by about 10 percent and to extend the army law by a further seven years was rejected. A parliamentary election is held on February 21.
1918: Halving the flour ration triggers a strike by workers at the Wiener Neustadt Daimler engine works, which boosts the January strike. Within a few days, the government faces the largest work stoppage in Austria-Hungary.
1919: The evangelical theologian and clergyman Traugott Hahn, the pastor Moritz Wilhelm Paul Schwartz, the Russian-Orthodox bishop of Riga, Platon Kulbusch, the priests Michael Bleive and Nikolai Stefanowitsch Beschanizki, the Baker Lutsk and 14 other notable citizens shot dead by Bolsheviks.
1930: A group of communists led by Albrecht Höhler attacked the National Socialist and SA man Horst Wessel, who wrote the lyrics for the SA battle song Die Fahne hoch. He dies on February 23 from the gunshot wound he sustained.
1943: A secret meeting begins in Casablanca