January 19, 2022


Politics and World Events


January 17: The wife of the Danish king, Caroline Mathilde, and the Danish Minister of State, Count Johann Friedrich Struensee, are arrested on suspicion of a plot against King Christian VII. The queen is taken to Kronborg Castle, and Struensee, her lover, is arrested. The minister is executed on April 28 with his confidante Enevold von Brandt, the queen banished.


May 26: King Gustav III. of Sweden donates the Order of Vasa on his coronation day. August 19: The Swedish king Gustav III. coup with officers loyal to him against the aristocratic oligarchy. The Imperial Council, which was meeting in a hall, was shut in, and the citizens of Stockholm were won over by the ruler's brilliant speeches. Shortly thereafter, the Reichsrat accepts a constitution that is acceptable to the king.

Central and Eastern Europe

February 17: Russia and Prussia agree in essence on the partition of Poland and await Austria's approval of the plan, which occurs on March 4. April: Envoys from Russia and the Ottoman Empire meet in today's Romanian town of Focșani for negotiations. April 26: Kraków Castle surrenders to the Russian army under Alexander Vasilyevich Suvorov. 5 August: Treaties of Petersburg: First Partition of Poland (Second Partition of Poland 1793, Third Partition of Poland 1795) November 6: A Russian squadron of 7 warships defeats and mostly destroys a Turkish squadron in the Gulf of Patras.

Great Britain and its colonies

April 1: King George III. Signs the Royal Marriages Act 1772, which invalidates any marriage entered into by members of the British royal family before the age of 25 without the consent of the monarch. The provision applies to all descendants of George II, with the exception of the descendants of princesses who intermarried into other families. Members of the royal family over the age of 25 can still marry after declining to marry, provided they notify the Privy Council a year beforehand and Parliament does not prohibit it. The Royal Marriage Act also criminalizes any form of support for the illegal marriage of a member of the royal family. June 22: In a landmark judgment on a lawsuit filed by slave James Somerset, British land magistrate William Murray, Earl of Mansfield, outlaws slavery in Britain.


Thonburi becomes the new capital of Thailand.

Voyages of Discovery

January 23 The Crozet Islands in the Indian Ocean are discovered by Marc-Joseph Marion du Fresne and Jules Crozet. January 24: French territory expands to include the Crozet Islands in the Indian Ocean. The archipelago is named after the officer Jules Crozet. Its commander, Marc-Joseph Marion du Fresne, disembarks on the largest island, Île de la Possession, and takes possession of it for France. February 12: Discovery of the Kerguelen archipelago by the French navigator Yves Joseph de Kerguelen de Trémarec


2 November: The conservative daily newspaper Morning Post is launched in London with a circulation of 350 copies. The private Wiener Kleine Post is founded. Henry Nock founded Wilkinson Sword, a British manufacturer of razor blades, swords, cutlery and garden tools

Science and Technology

July 13: James Cook starts his second South Sea voyage from Plymouth; He was accompanied, among others, by the German naturalist Georg Forster and his father Johann Reinhold Forster. November 1: Antoine Laurent de Lavoisier revolutionizes the scientific phlogiston theory with his observation that phosphorus and sulfur become heavier after combustion. yeah

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