July 5, 2022


Politics and World Events


January 26: The Cisalpine Republic is renamed the Italian Republic and elects Napoleon Bonaparte as its President. The "Bourla-Papey" (paper burners) rose up in Vaud against the collection of feudal taxes, which were actually abolished in the Helvetic Republic. Between February and May, 2,000 to 3,000 peasants from Vaud destroy the files of numerous former feudal lordships claiming basic and land rights. The archives of 132 communes in Vaud, a little more than a third of all communes, also fell victim to the flames. On May 8th, the insurgents, led by the Jacobin and recruiting officer Louis Reymond, occupied the capital of the canton of Lausanne, only to withdraw on May 11th against the promise of an amnesty. Despite this, a special court imposed several death and prison sentences in June, which the Swiss government, through the intercession of Henri Monod and under the pressure of the Steckli War, all lifted by October 15. March 27: The Peace of Amiens ends the Second Coalition War between France and Great Britain. May 20th: In the Paris treaty with France, Württemberg receives for the loss of its areas on the left bank of the Rhine, areas on the right bank through spiritual territories and mediatized imperial cities. May 20: Napoleon Bonaparte allows slavery (abolished in 1794) in French colonies again. May 23: In an agreement, France recognizes the Prussian claims in north-west Germany, e.g. to the areas of the prince-bishoprics of Hildesheim, Münster and Paderborn, as compensation for the ceded areas on the left bank of the Rhine. June 14: Johannes Bückler, known as Schinderhannes, stands before the investigative court in Frankfurt am Main. August 2nd: Napoleon Bonaparte is appointed consul for life in a referendum. Three million French voters choose "Yes", 1,600 "No". August 24: Because the Peace of Lunéville contains unresolved details, an extraordinary imperial deputation meets in Regensburg to regulate the effects of the cession of areas on the left bank of the Rhine to France. In 1803, the deliberations led to the Reichsdeputationshauptschluss. August to October: The Steckli War leads to the collapse of the Helvetic Republic, whereupon France intervenes again in Switzerland. September 6: Bavarian soldiers march into Bamberg, the residence of the Bishopric of Bamberg. September 11: France annexes the Subalpine Republic. November 29: After the annexation of the Bishopric of Bamberg by Bavarian troops, Prince-Bishop Christoph Franz von Buseck resigns his rule and releases officials and subjects from their oaths. December 10: The Helvetic Consulta begins its work. 26 December: In the Treaty of Paris, France and the German Emperor Franz II come to an agreement on the territorial compensation planned in the Peace of Lunéville. In it, among other things, the emperor's brother, Grand Duke Ferdinand III. of Tuscany, left the previous archbishopric as the future Electorate of Salzburg to compensate for the lost Grand Duchy of Tuscany.


January 29: More than 40,000 French, led by General Leclerc, Napoleon Bonaparte's brother-in-law, land in Saint-Domingue, today's Haiti, after ex-slave Toussaint Louverture, who had been promoted to governor, arbitrarily occupied the Spanish-administered neighboring colony of Santo Domingo the previous year and abolished slavery in both colonies.

United States of America

March 16: The US Military Academy is established by an act signed by President Thomas Jefferson. she will be on Opened July 4 in West Point, New York.


June 1st: in Vietnam