1832

Article

May 17, 2022

Events

Politics and World Events

Greece

March 17: The Greek National Assembly elects Otto I von Wittelsbach as King of Greece. April 13: Augustinos Kapodistrias resigns as President of Greece after almost four months. The First Hellenic Republic thus ceases to exist. May 7: At the London Conference, Great Britain, France and Russia agree to make Greece an independent kingdom and agree to Otto von Wittelsbach as its future ruler. The Ottoman Empire is compensated financially for its loss of territory. August 8: The National Assembly in Nafplio unanimously adopts the London Protocol. August 30: A London Protocol of the Protecting Powers demarcates the territory of the Kingdom of Greece from the Ottoman Empire.

German Confederation

May 27: Around 30,000 people from all walks of life and many nations follow the call by Philipp Jakob Siebenpfeiffer and Johann Georg August Wirth to march to the Maxburg, the Hambach Castle. Until May 30th, Democrats and Nationalists celebrate the Hambach Festival for unity and freedom in Germany under the black, red and gold flag. July 5: In the German Confederation, the use of political badges is banned by law. This is particularly aimed at black, red and gold as a sign of national sentiment. As a reaction to the Hambach Festival, freedom of the press, association and assembly was severely restricted. Introduction of the new official title "Mayor" instead of the previously used "Burghery".

Other events in Europe

May 11 Anatomy legislation is passed in Britain to discourage corpse theft. June 5: Beginning of the June Uprising in Paris 7 June: Reform Act 1832 passed in Britain. August 9: Leopold I, King of the Belgians, marries the French Princess Louise d'Orléans, daughter of King Louis-Philippe I, in the chapel of the Compiègne Castle. November 15: After secret negotiations, six conservative Swiss cantons form the Sarnerbund as a reaction to the Concordat of Seven that had previously been formed by the liberal cantons. 15 November to 24 December: The Siege of Antwerp is the last military action following the Belgian Revolution. The citadel of Antwerp, defended by Dutch troops, is taken by French troops.

South America

February 12: The Galapagos Islands, which previously belonged to Spain, are annexed by Ecuador.

United States of America

August 27: The capture of the surrendering chief Black Hawk ends the last Indian War east of the Mississippi River in the United States. November 24: The South Carolina legislature repeals federal tariff statutes of 1828 and 1832 in force in its territory. It thus triggers the nullification crisis. US President Andrew Jackson then sent several Navy ships to Charleston. December 28: John C. Calhoun is the first Vice President of the United States to resign. The cause is his doctrine in the nullification crisis that a state may declare federal laws on its territory invalid.

Economy

June 5: As a result of the Belgian Revolution, the Belgian franc is introduced as a new currency, the value of which has been linked to the French franc for many years. September 26: The Göta Canal in Sweden opens. This is intended to avoid crossing the Öresund and thus the sound toll on Denmark. The Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company is founded.

Science and Technology

Expeditions

The Voyage of HMS Beagle

January 6th: After Madeira was only passed for orientation reasons