1897

Article

January 19, 2022

Events

Politics and World Events

Europe

January 1: Adolf Deucher becomes President of the Swiss Confederation for the second time. January 28: The patent law is enacted in Austria-Hungary. It replaces the regulations in imperial patents, which previously granted protective rights for inventions. April to November: The Badeni crisis in the Habsburg monarchy reveals the difficulties of the Austro-Czech settlement: April 5: The language ordinance for Bohemia and Moravia stipulates bilingual administration. The protest against it is considered the beginning of the German-national Los von Rom movement. November 28: After riots in Prague and Vienna, Prime Minister Kasimir Felix Badeni is overthrown. April 7: Greece's refusal, influenced by the Megali Idea, to give in to an ultimatum by the Ottoman Empire to withdraw its troops that had landed on the island of Crete on February 15, triggers the Greco-Turkish War. December 4: The Turkish-Greek War ends with a peace treaty. Crete receives extensive autonomy.

Africa

February 28: Queen Ranavalona III. is deposed in Madagascar by French General Joseph Gallieni. The island's last monarch is exiled. September 11: The Kingdom of Kaffa ends after months of fighting with the forces of Ethiopia under Emperor Menelik II when Kaffa's King Gaki surrenders to Sherocho. The British conquered the Kingdom of Benin, in south-western modern-day Nigeria, which had remained unconquered for centuries.

America

March 4: William McKinley is inaugurated as the 25th US President. He replaces Grover Cleveland. July 17: A gold rush to the Klondike River erupts when two tons of gold are unloaded from ships in Seattle. Two days earlier, prospectors also broke the news of nugget finds in San Francisco. December 12: Belo Horizonte, officially founded, becomes the capital of the Brazilian state of Minas Gerais. The small settlement around a farm has been developed into a metropolis by a city planner on the drawing board.

Asia

July: Emilio Aguinaldo proclaims the Republic of Biak-na-Bato in the wake of the Philippine Revolution. October 17: Gojong, 26th king of the Joseon Dynasty in Korea, proclaims the Korean Empire. November 14: German marines land in China's Kiautschou Bay and occupy it without a fight.

Other international events

August 26-31: Theodor Herzl organizes the 1st World Zionist Congress in Basel, which calls for the establishment of a Jewish state in Palestine.

Economy

February 6: The Hamburg dockworkers' strike, one of the largest labor disputes in the German Empire, ends with the complete defeat of the strikers. March 7: Physician John Harvey Kellogg first served corn flakes, which he and his brother Will Keith Kellogg invented, to patients at his sanatorium in Battle Creek, Michigan. April 12: The “Gold-Vreneli” coin is put into circulation in Switzerland. 19 May: Belgian entrepreneur Édouard Louis Joseph Empain establishes the Compagnie des chemins économiques de l'Est égyptien joint-stock company to build a network of 1000mm narrow-gauge railways in the Damanhour and Tanta area of ​​eastern Egypt. May 22: The Blackwall Tunnel opens under the Thames in London. May 22: The Compagnie des phosphates et des chemins de fer de Gafsa is founded. The French company is to build a railway line to transport the phosphate deposits discovered in southern Tunisia. June 12: The Swiss Army Knife is protected as a trademark. 22 July: The "ROTH-HÄNDLE" cigarette brand is entered in the German commercial register. September 1: The Tremont Street Subway is the first to go U-Ba

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