August 19, 2022


Politics and World Events

German Empire

January 15: More than six million people are unemployed in Germany. January 26: Hitler's speech to the Düsseldorf Industry Club February 25: Adolf Hitler obtains German citizenship. March 13: In the first round of the presidential election, incumbent Paul von Hindenburg clearly wins ahead of Adolf Hitler, but just misses an absolute majority. April 10: Paul von Hindenburg is re-elected President of Germany in the second ballot with 53% of the votes. April 13: The ban on the SA and SS is decreed in Germany by Minister Wilhelm Groener in the Brüning government. It cost the chancellor the sympathy of Reich President Paul von Hindenburg and was rescinded in June by Franz von Papen's government. May: Iraqi King Faisal on a state visit to Berlin May 13: Resignation of the Reichswehr and Minister of the Interior, Wilhelm Groener May 30: Chancellor Heinrich Brüning resigns July 9: At the end of the Lausanne Conference, the German government under Franz von Papen achieves an end to the reparations payments imposed by the Versailles Treaty. The opposition in the Reichstag feels that the outcome of the negotiations is inadequate. July 17: 18 people die and 285 are injured during the Altona Bloody Sunday, a shootout between communists, National Socialists and the police. July 20th: During the so-called Prussian Strike, on the initiative of Chancellor Franz von Papen, the acting Prussian government, headed by Otto Braun, is declared deposed by an emergency decree and a military state of emergency is proclaimed. July 31: After the Reichstag election, the NSDAP is the strongest faction for the first time. September 12: Chancellor von Papen is overthrown by a motion of no confidence and the Reichstag is dissolved by President Hindenburg. October 12: Concordat between the Holy See and Baden November 6: Reichstag elections, the National Socialists lose votes November 17: Resignation of Chancellor Franz von Papen, supported by Hindenburg November 20th: With the industrialists' petition to Hindenburg, 20 representatives from the economy demand that Hitler be appointed Reich Chancellor. 3 December: Kurt von Schleicher is appointed Reich Chancellor by Hindenburg and charged with forming a new presidential cabinet after Franz von Papen had previously failed due to the SPD and Center Party rejecting the coalition. 8 December: Gregor Strasser resigns from all party offices


April 24: The simultaneous municipal elections in Styria and Carinthia as well as the state elections in Lower Austria, Salzburg and Vienna bring the National Socialists strong gains in votes. May 27: In the Tyrolean capital of Innsbruck, the Höttinger Saalschlacht claims the first dead National Socialist in Austria.


1 January: Giuseppe Motta becomes President of Switzerland for the fourth time. June 15: Zurich Bloody Night November 9th: Bloody Night of Geneva

Other events in Europe

May 10: The song Het Wilhelmus, known since the 16th century, is officially designated as the national anthem of the Netherlands. July 5: In Portugal, António de Oliveira Salazar is appointed Prime Minister. He has been the real ruler in the country since 1928 and is developing into a dictator. July 25: Poland and the Soviet Union sign a non-aggression pact. August 22: The Federación Ibérica de Juventudes Libertarias (FIJL) is founded in Madrid. November 29: France and the Soviet Union sign a non-aggression pact. Japan/China January 2 The city of Jinzhou, Manchuria, Republic of China, is occupied by Japanese troops. January 28 The January 28 Incident erupts between Japanese and Chinese troops in Shanghai. 18 Feb