The hornbeam (Carpinus betulus) is tree of the year (Kuratorium Baum des Jahres / Germany).
The hawk mushroom (Sarcodon imbricatus) is mushroom of the year (German Society for Mycology).
The lapwing (Vanellus vanellus) is bird of the year (NABU / Germany).
The lady's slipper (Cypripedium calceolus) is Orchid of the Year (Arbeitsgruppe Heimische Orchideen / Germany).
The European hamster (Cricetus cricetus) is Animal of the Year (Schutzgemeinschaft Deutsches Wild).
The sea trout (Salmo trutta trutta) is the fish of the year (Verband Deutscher Sportfischer eV).
The common pasque flower (Pulsatilla vulgaris) is the flower of the year (Stiftung Naturschutz Hamburg and Stiftung Loki Schmidt).
Politics and world affairs
January 1st: Jean-Pascal Delamuraz becomes President of Switzerland again.
January 1: Switzerland: Reduction of the age of majority or age from 20 to 18 years according to Art. 14 ZGB
January 1st: Slovenia becomes a member of CEFTA (Central European Free Trade Agreement).
January 1: Turkey joins the EU customs union.
January 11: The Japanese parliament elects the Liberal Democrat Ryūtarō Hashimoto as the new Prime Minister. He replaces the Social Democrat Murayama Tomiichi.
January 18: New constitution in Cameroon.
January 18: Ten people die in an arson attack on asylum seekers' accommodation in Lübeck.
January 26th: last of 210 French nuclear tests on Moruroa Atoll
January 27: Military coup by the Chief of Staff Colonel Ibrahim Baré Maïnassara in the Republic of Niger
January 29: French President Jacques Chirac announces that further French nuclear weapons tests will be discontinued.
January 31: Suicide bombings by the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam with a truck full of explosives on the central bank of Sri Lanka and on a high-rise in Colombo cause a total of 88 deaths and around 1,000 injuries.
February 7th: Lesotho. Letsie III. is sworn in as President.
February 22nd: Pope John Paul II issues the decree Universi Dominici Gregis on the conclave.
February 24: Two small airliners shot down over international waters through Cuba
February 25: Equatorial Guinea: early presidential elections
February 28: Russia becomes a member of the Council of Europe.
March 9: Jorge Sampaio becomes President of Portugal.
March 11: John Howard becomes head of government in Australia.
March 12th: Meeting of 30 heads of state and government in Sharm El Sheikh, discussion on peace in the Middle East
March 13: Thomas Hamilton kills 16 primary school students and their teacher with a revolver in a rampage in Dunblane, Scotland; then he shoots himself.
March 15: The Duma declares the dissolution of the Soviet Union null and void.
March 16: Comoros. Election of President Mohammed Taki Abdoulkarim
March 18: Mathieu Kérékou becomes President of Benin.
March 23: In the first direct election of the President of the Republic of China, incumbent Lee Teng-hui is confirmed in Taiwan with 54 percent of the vote. The election for the National Assembly, held at the same time, was won by the Kuomintang.
March 24th: Jan Philipp Reemtsma is kidnapped for 33 days.
March 29: Ahmad Tejan Kabbah becomes President of Sierra Leone.
April 10: The highest wind speed ever recorded on our planet - apart from tornadoes - is registered at 408 km / h on Barrow Island, 50 km northwest of Australia.
April 15: The politician and former minister Mona Sahlin renounces her mandate in the Swedish parliament as a result of the Toblerone affair.
April 17: In Eldorado dos Carajás in the state of Pará, Brazilian military police use gun violence to clear a street that is being blocked by members of the Landless Workers Movement (MST). 19 MST activists will participate in the campaign