November 30, 2021

2001 was the first year of the 21st century. The most formative event was the terrorist attacks on September 11, 2001 on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon in the USA, in which around 3,000 people were killed. The attacks are often referred to as a historic turning point and resulted in ongoing debates about domestic and foreign policy changes in both the USA and Europe. They led the war in Afghanistan into a new phase and served as the basis for the Iraq war that began two years later. On the basis of the event, tensions between the Muslim and Western world increased.


Politics and world affairs


January: the first World Social Forum of the opponents of globalization in Porto Alegre, Brazil January 1st: Moritz Leuenberger becomes President of Switzerland. January 01: Greece. Accession to the Economic and Monetary Union - Greece is the twelfth country to introduce the euro as book money. January 2nd: The Bundeswehr begins basic training for women to use weapons. January 3rd: First session of the US House of Representatives, newly elected in November, and the US Senate. For the next 17 days, a couple was represented for the first time in US history in both the executive branch (President Bill Clinton) and the legislative branch (Senator Hillary Clinton). January 6th: The Thai-Rak-Thai party of the telecommunications company Thaksin Shinawatra wins the parliamentary elections in Thailand. January 6th: Ariel Sharon is elected as the new Prime Minister of Israel. January 6th: US Vice President Al Gore, as chairman of the US Senate, announces the result of the election for US President: George W. Bush received 271 votes, Al Gore himself 266. A Democratic elector did not vote for Gore. January 7th: John Agyekum Kufuor becomes President of Ghana. January 14th: Dr. Jorge Sampaio is confirmed in office as President of Portugal. January 15th: The English language Wikipedia is founded. January 17: California Governor Gray Davis declares a state of emergency in the largest US state because of the electricity crisis. January 20: Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo becomes President of the Philippines. January 20: George W. Bush is sworn in as the new President of the USA. January 25: Armenia is admitted to the Council of Europe. January 25: Azerbaijan is admitted to the Council of Europe. January 26: Democratic Republic of the Congo. Joseph Kabila becomes President.


February 2nd: José Maria Neves becomes Prime Minister of Cape Verde. February 7th: Ariel Sharon becomes Prime Minister of Israel. February 16: US and British warplanes bomb targets near Baghdad because Iraq violated its flight ban. February 16: Twelve people are killed in an attack on a Serbian bus in Kosovo. February 20: First local elections in Yemen February 25: Pedro Pires becomes President of Cape Verde. February 25: Republic of Moldova. Parliamentary elections February 26th: The Nice Treaty on preparations for the enlargement of the EU is signed. It comes into force in 2003.


March 4th: In a Swiss referendum, 76.8% of the voters vote against the constitutional initiative Yes to Europe and thus against Switzerland's EU accession negotiations. The turnout was 55.8%. March 7th: Dileita Mohamed Dileita becomes Prime Minister in Djibouti. March 12: UNESCO confirms that the Taliban destroyed the two largest Buddha statues in the world from the 5th century AD, the Buddha statues of Bamiyan in Afghanistan. March 16: The dispute between Qatar and Bahrain over the Hawar Islands is ended by a judgment of the International Court of Justice. March 16: The German-language Wikipedia is founded. March 27: Boungnang Vorachith becomes Prime Minister

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