Like the previous year, 2012 was shaped by the Arab Spring. In Syria, the civil war continued throughout the year; in Egypt, an Islamic constitution was adopted in a referendum amid ongoing protests.
In Europe (especially in the euro zone), the year was particularly marked by the euro crisis. Especially in the countries hard hit by the crisis, Greece, Spain and Italy, there were protests against the European Union's crisis policy and against the policies of their own governments.
In Germany, after the attacks by the right-wing extremist terrorist group NSU were uncovered and various investigation mishaps were uncovered, there were fundamental discussions about the work of the Office for the Protection of the Constitution; the demand for a new ban procedure against the National Democratic Party of Germany became loud. On December 14, 2012, the Federal Council decided by a large majority to apply again to the Federal Constitutional Court for a ban on the NPD. The judges dismissed the request in January 2017.
Politics and World Events
1 January to 30 June: Denmark takes over the Presidency of the Council of the European Union.
January 1st: 10th anniversary of the introduction of the euro as a means of payment in twelve countries of the European Union
January 1st: Eveline Widmer-Schlumpf takes over as President of the Swiss Confederation.
January 14: Legislative Yuan elections and presidential elections in the Republic of China
January 15: Parliamentary elections in Kazakhstan
January 22: Presidential election in Finland
24-29 January: World Social Forum in Porto Alegre
25-29 January: World Economic Forum in Davos
January 31 to February 2: International Urban Operations Conference in Berlin
February 2nd – 5th: Munich Security Conference
February 7th: 20th anniversary of the signing of the Maastricht Treaty on European Union
February 11: Egypt: 1st anniversary of Hosni Mubarak's resignation
February 12: Presidential elections in Turkmenistan
February 14th and 15th: 15th European Police Congress in Berlin (organizer authorities Spiegel, critics)
February 21: Presidential elections in Yemen
February 26: Presidential elections in Senegal
February 26: Referendum on a new Syrian constitution
March 2: Parliamentary elections in Iran
March 4: Presidential elections in Russia
March 10: Parliamentary elections in Slovakia 2012
March 21: Coup in Mali 2012
26./27. March: Nuclear Security Summit in Seoul/South Korea (international conference of heads of state and government on security measures when handling radioactive material)
April 1st: 25th anniversary of the introduction of machine-readable identity cards in the Federal Republic of Germany
April 11: General elections in South Korea
14th/15th April: Sixth Summit of the Americas in Cartagena, Colombia
April 22: French Presidential Election 2012
May 6: Parliamentary elections in Greece
May 8th: Berlin Annual Conference 2012 of the Near and Middle East Association (NUMOV)
May 10: Parliamentary elections in Algeria
May 15-22: Group of Eight (G8) Summit in Camp David/USA
21./22. May: NATO Summit in Chicago/USA, also NATO Afghanistan Conference
May 24: Parliamentary and presidential elections in Madagascar
02-05 June: Main celebrations of Queen Elizabeth II's 60th Jubilee in the UK
10 and 17 June: 2012 French general election
18/19 June: Summit of the group of twenty most important industrialized and emerging countries (G-20) in Los Cabos/Mexico
June 20-22: United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development (UNCSD) in Rio de Janeiro/Brazil
June 30: Mohammed Morsi is sworn in as President of Egypt. His presidency ends almost exactly 1 year later in a military coup.
July 1st: Presidential elections in Mexico
01 July to 31 December: Cyprus holds the EU Council Presidency.
03 July: 50th anniversary of Algeria's independence