Alexander Schallenberg (born June 20, 1969 in Bern, Switzerland) is an Austrian lawyer, diplomat, politician (ÖVP) and Chancellor of the Republic of Austria since October 11, 2021. He heads the federal government of Schallenberg. Previously, he was Federal Minister for European and International Affairs of the Republic of Austria (Federal Government Brief II) from January 2020, and he held the office of Foreign Minister from June 2019 to January 2020. In addition, during the same period he was entrusted with the management of the EU, integration, art, culture and media agendas (Bundesregierung Bierlein).
Family and studies
Alexander Schallenberg comes from the once noble Schallenberg family and is the son of the former ambassador and general secretary of the Foreign Ministry, Wolfgang Schallenberg. His mother was Swiss, his grandfather was the Swiss bank manager Alfred Schaefer, long-time Chairman of the Board of Directors of the Swiss Bank Corporation. He said in an interview that his first names are Alexander Georg Nicolas. According to the Genealogical Handbook of the Nobility, his full name is Alexander Georg Nicolas Christoph Wolfgang Tassilo. Alexander Schallenberg grew up in India, Spain and Paris - his father's ambassadorial posts - and studied law at the University of Vienna and the Université Paris II between 1989 and 1994 Panthéon Assas. He then completed a postgraduate LL.M degree at the Collège d’Europe in Bruges until 1995.
Diplomatic and political career
After successfully passing the entrance examination (A-Préalable), Schallenberg joined the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in 1997. From 2000 to 2005 he headed the legal department of the Permanent Representation of Austria to the European Union in Brussels. In 2006 he became press spokesman for then Foreign Minister Ursula Plassnik and continued this activity under her successor Michael Spindelegger. Under Foreign Minister Sebastian Kurz, Schallenberg was appointed head of the staff unit for strategic foreign policy planning in 2013. In 2016 he took over the management of the European section of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and, as part of the formation of the federal government shortly after the National Council election in 2017, he negotiated on the side of the ÖVP in the sub-group for Europe and foreign policy. As his counterpart, the future Foreign Minister Karin Kneissl negotiated for the FPÖ. After the transfer of the EU agendas from the Foreign Ministry to the Federal Chancellery, Schallenberg was entrusted with the management of the EU coordination section of the Federal Chancellery from March 1, 2018, and took on a decisive role in this role the preparation and implementation of the Austrian EU Council Presidency 2018.
Under Federal Chancellor Brigitte Bierlein, Schallenberg was appointed Federal Minister for Europe, Integration and Foreign Affairs on June 3, 2019. On June 6, he was also appointed Minister of the Chancellery and was entrusted with the management of the EU, art, culture and media agendas until the end of the Bierlein Federal Government. As the only member of the transitional government, he remained in office after the formation of the Federal Government Kurz II and was sworn in again as Federal Minister for Europe, Integration and Foreign Affairs on January 7, 2020. From January 29, 2020 he was Federal Minister for European and International Affairs in the Federal Government Brief II.
Schallenberg has been Federal Chancellor of Austria since October 11, 2021. He was appointed as his successor by Sebastian Kurz when Kurz resigned from office because of the ÖVP corruption affair. He heads the federal government of Schallenberg.
In 1995 Schallenberg married the French and Belgian Marie-Isabelle Hénin (born 1969 in Uccle), whom he met while studying at the College of Europe. She is a granddaughter of the well-known French architect Noël Le Maresquier, and