Mountain and pleasure house Hoflößnitz

Article

January 23, 2022

The Berg- und Lusthaus Hoflößnitz in Radebeul-Oberlößnitz is the main building of the former electoral or royal Saxon winery, which is now the municipal winery Hoflößnitz. The winery is located on the former Wettin estate in the Lößnitz countryside and was the center of courtly Saxon vineyard ownership for almost 500 years. The Weinbergsschlösschen, also romantically called Schloss Hoflößnitz since historicism, was the manor house of the Saxon ruler when he stayed on the courtly Hoflößnitz winery, built between 1648 and 1650 as the first important building right after the Thirty Years' War. Elector Johann Georg I kept it simple on the outside, while a whole different splendor hides inside: “Tropical peacocks, screeching red cockatoos, Brazilian parrots decorate the ceiling of the ballroom, there are eighty panel paintings in all, colorful and lifelike – right down to the last one tip of tail". The Berg- und Lusthaus is today the main building of the Saxon Wine Museum in Hoflößnitz. The history of Saxon viticulture is presented on the ground floor, while the upper floor with the ballroom and the two living rooms and bedrooms of the elector and electress is considered "one of the most remarkable examples of 17th-century decoration". The Hoflößnitz with mountain and pleasure house, press house, cavalier house and wine press is a "monument preservation entity" (ensemble protection) under monument protection. The entire open and green area, including the surrounding vineyard landscape with the Goldener Wagen vineyard, is considered a work of "landscape and garden design" within the historic vineyard landscape of Radebeul, a conservation area. The Hoflößnitz also includes the winegrower's house below and to the right of the staircase or the gate with an attached bakery, as well as the former wood yard to the left of the property, also with a winegrower's house.

Description

The Hoflößnitz winery is listed in the Radebeul monument list under the address Knohllweg 37 as "Hoflößnitz, Hoflößnitz Winery Museum Foundation, mountain and pleasure house with cavalier's house, former press house, farm buildings, wine press, gate systems, stairs (including pointed house stairs with shell pavilion), equestrian stone and adjacent vineyards listed.” In the Radebeul monument topography, the Hoflößnitz cultural monument is presented as a whole on the associated monument mapping of Radebeul on a scale of 1:5,000, which is also completely a work of landscape and garden design. The listed vineyard landscape is located within the historic vineyard landscape of Radebeul. The actual estate ensemble stands as a roughly rectangular group of buildings on the upper heath sand terrace below the steep ascent of the Elbe slope, part of the Lusatian fault that leads to the Lausitzer Platte plateau. To the west lies the foothills of the Lößnitzgrund and further to the east the terrace merges into the Junge Heide. From the south, the stairway leads to the estate approximately in the middle. On the right, in the south-east corner, is the Berg- und Lusthaus, to the west is the chestnut terrace with large horse chestnut trees, to which the Winzerstube forms the south-west corner and the residential building is connected across the corner. On the north side is the press house on the left, between it and the residential building there is a footpath on the north-west corner to Hoflößnitzstraße. On the right is the cavalier's house, to the right of it is the lower part of the pointed house staircase, which leads out of the manor to the north. The east side of the courtyard forms a mighty entrance gate, to which the Knohllweg between vineyards leads. The courtyard in front of the buildings is attached to several walkways, as is the chestnut terrace, with a water-bound ceiling. D

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