Chronology of the Russian invasion of Ukraine

Article

May 17, 2022

This overview is a chronology of the Russian invasion of Ukraine from February 24, 2022. It provides information about the most important events leading up to (Russian-Ukrainian War) and since the invasion of Ukraine by Russia.

History

Until 2014

November 10, 1982: After the death of the General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU) Leonid Brezhnev, the structural problems of the Soviet Union became apparent for the first time and led to the increasing loss of authority of the central government. March 11, 1985: After his election as General Secretary of the CPSU, Mikhail Gorbachev initiates far-reaching reforms, which, however, accelerate the disintegration of individual Soviet republics. March 17, 1991: In a Soviet-wide referendum in the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic, 70.2 percent of those eligible to vote vote for the preservation of the Soviet Union as a reformed federation of independent states with a common president (see also Commonwealth of Independent States). August 19-21, 1991: A group of CPSU officials calling themselves the State Committee for the State of Emergency attempted to depose Soviet Secretary General Gorbachev. In the end, the failed putsch weakened both structurally conservative and reforming forces within the central government and culminated in the collapse of the Soviet Union. December 1, 1991: In a referendum on Ukraine's independence, 92.3 percent of those entitled to vote now vote for Ukraine's independence from the Soviet Union. The majority of Ukraine's Russian-speaking minority also votes for independence. December 21, 1991: The chairmen of the Supreme Soviets of each Soviet republic sign the treaty dissolving the Soviet Union. December 5, 1994: At a session of the Conference on Security and Co-operation in Europe (CSCE), Russia, Great Britain and the USA sign the Budapest Memorandum. They undertake to respect the existing borders and the sovereignty of Kazakhstan, Belarus and Ukraine. In return, the three former Soviet republics will give up their nuclear weapons to Russia. July 9, 1997: The NATO-Ukraine Charter is adopted at the NATO summit in Madrid. This was preceded by the signing of the NATO-Russia Founding Act on May 27, 1997 in Paris. Russia signed in 2004 and ratified in 2007 the Partnership for Peace for military cooperation with NATO. April 3, 2008: At the NATO summit in Bucharest, Ukraine and Georgia are given long-term accession prospects. The US administration had previously announced that both countries would be included in the military alliance in the short term, but on the advice of the governments of France and Germany refrained from doing so. May 7, 2009: Within the framework of the so-called Eastern Partnership, Ukraine is enabled to move closer politically and economically to the European Union.

Crimean crisis and fighting in eastern Ukraine from 2014

February 20 to May 2, 2014: In the aftermath of the Euromaidan movement, isolated protests against the interim government of Arseniy Yatsenyuk took place due to the dismissal of the Ukrainian President Viktor Yanukovych and a temporary power vacuum in eastern Ukraine and the Autonomous Republic of Crimea especially supporters of Russia participate. February 27, 2014: Russian special forces occupy the regional parliament of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea in Simferopol. March 16, 2014: An internationally unrecognized referendum on the status of Crimea is held under the chairmanship of the Council of Ministers, Sergei Aksyonov, appointed by this occupied parliament. March 18, 2014: Russia annexes Crimea, already in breach of the Budapest Memorandum. April 7, 2014: Armed groups raid the offices of the Ukrainian Security Agency